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Chapter 13 Notes

by: Emily Clark

Chapter 13 Notes HNRS 2010

Emily Clark
Introduction to Critical Thinking
Dawn Shinew

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Here is an outline style of notes for chapter 13.
Introduction to Critical Thinking
Dawn Shinew
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Clark on Friday November 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HNRS 2010 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dawn Shinew in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Critical Thinking in OTHER at Bowling Green State University.


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Date Created: 11/13/15
Asking the Right QHBStiOIlS Chapter 13 What Reasonable Conclusions are Possible 0 Very rarely will you have a situation in which only one conclusion can be reasonably inferred Once you find alternative conclusions you will be better prepared to discover a stronger conclusion from among the enlarged number of options Very few important questions can be answered with a simple yes or absolute no These such answers are a form of dichotomous thinking This thinking is also called the eitheror fallacy These thoughts seriously damages reasoning by overly restricting our vision Dichotomous thinkers often are rigid and intolerant because they fail to understand the importance of context for a particular answer When looking at conclusions always ask yourself When is it accurate Where is it accurate Why or for what purpose is it accurate Dichotomous thinkers are highrisk candidates for confusion The advantages of maybe or it depends on as an answer is that it forces you to admit that you do not yet know enough to make a definite answer Each optional conclusion is possible because we are missing certain information definitions assumptions or the frame of reference of the person analyzing the reasons An ifclause is when we state a condition that we are assuming to enable us to reach a particular conclusion Ifclauses are helpful in determining reasonable conclusions for evaluative arguments While we have tremendous respect for logic and facts we cannot unduly exaggerate their worth as guides to forming a conclusion Once we recognize the variety of possible conclusions each of us can experience the excitement of enhanced personal choice


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