HSTA 101H 13 November Notes
HSTA 101H 13 November Notes HSTA 101H - 00
Popular in American History I
HSTA 101H - 00
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HSTA 255 - 01
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Saturday November 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HSTA 101H - 00 at University of Montana taught by Kyle G. Volk (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see American History I in History at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 11/14/15
The Rise of the Middle Class 13 November 2015 The Northern Market Revolution socioeconomic transformations 1 Rise of the middle class home and family a Away from the productive household of the 18th century i Crop elds gardens ii women s labor 1 Cooking sewing small livestock trade 2 No longer critical to economic survival b Separation of home and work i Home now seen as a refuge of stresseseconomic demands of impersonal world of the market society c Shrinking family size i From 67 children to 45 children ii Family strategy changing less labor needed 1 Specialized farms needed fewer eld hands sonsdaughters 2 Cash available to buy clothing rather than have women make it 3 Urban dwellers professional classes market oriented didn t need lots of children 2 Within the middle class home a Gendered work and the cash economy i Men had their valued work within the cash economy ii Women had their valued work apart from the economy and within the home that was losing obvious financial value b Modern quotseparate spheresquot i Financially valuable work was quotmen s workquot ii Women no longer spinning clothmaking clothing 1 quotWomen s workquot was now intensive motherhood 2 Cooking and cleaning a Ironing clothes to make family more presentable b Broom was rst mass marketed product in 19th century c Pressured to make more elaborate and tasty meals with storebought food c Keeping up appearances i Appearance of home and family newly important neatness cleanliness ii Re nement in furniture decorating landscaping etc 1 Consumer goods a Grandfather clocks time more important b Pianos i Entertainment value ii Showed re nement talent worth iii Not vital to survival iv Were expensive showed relative wealth iii Democratization of re nement and consumption 1 More democratic more accessible to more people d Performing middle class status i Not just money but also attitude Beyond home and work 3 Religious revivals and the second great awakening a Rise of evangelical christianity b Lyman Beecher and Charles Finney former lawyer turned preacher c Protestant millennialism belief in the second coming of Christ bringing 1000 years of peace to earth i Perfectionism sinall sources of evil could be eliminated which would help bring Christ into Earth 1 No alcohol prostitutes swearing etc 2 Convert embrace Godliness come to meetings a Conversion experience understanding one s sinful ways b Overwhelmingly middle class Northerners d New York s quotBurned Over Districtquot Rochester Buffalo Syracuse etc i Filled with moral reform movements 1 Born of the 2nOI Great Awakening 2 Individual conversions weren t enough 3 Financed by elites mostly middleclass participation 4 Temperance movement antidrinking a Before 1830 US was on a national drinking binge i Didn t know moralphysical implications majorly cultural practice ii Village tavern was often the rst public building was largest public space 1 Alcohol was not just in taverns but everywhere Home church work etc iii Alcohol considered healthier than water before municipal waterworks iv In 1825 people aged 1 and above drank average of 7 gallonsyear 1 Grain alcohol 100 alcohol like everclear 2 Today the average is 2 gallonsyear consumed b Beecher created the American Temperance Society i Grassroots political actionsocial issue ii First time the middle class forms for a cause in public c Teetotal pledge Complete abstinence 18305 i By 1850 the 7 gallon average dropped to gallons ii quotMaine Lawquot prohibition in 18505 1 statewide laws prohibiting sale of alcohol 2 adopted by 13 US states d Class and ethnic divide
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