Week 11 China
Week 11 China UGC 112LR
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Tsai on Saturday November 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to UGC 112LR at University at Buffalo taught by Timothy Triandos in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see World Civilization 2 in University Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 11/14/15
World Civilization II China Week 11 111215 Peoples Republic of China Hong Kong Ming dynasty Confucianism Zheng he Forbidden city Qing dynasty Opium war Chairman Mao Mao Zedong Cultural Revolution 1 Hong Kong a qurhrbeo 2 China TthQpO39QJ British colony autonomous from China for a while during Opium War 1842 i Lasted 100 years till 1940s WWII ii Occupied by Japan for 4 years iii British resumes colonization for about 50 more years after SinoBritish joint declaration 1984 i Would be given back to Peoples Republic of China Major financial and trade center 45th largest economy ranking 10 in GDE Most severe income equality Traditional Chinese culture combined with British culture in Hong Kong Umbrella Revolution 1 Occupied central financial district with umbrellas Umbrella used as protection from gas and pepper spray 79day protest involving thousands Freedom of speech and democracy Promised more democratic system but were unhappy Wanted each vote to count P P PP Iquot 135 billion people most populous country One party state Communist Capital is Beijing Geographically large almost size of US Dynasty goes back to 2000 BCE Innovations i Paper money in 7th century in tang and song dynasty ii Iconic architecture as old as Greek iii Great wall of China some parts are 25 millennium old 5500 miles long iv Created pottery defined the word China referring to silverware 1 Unique skill in porcelain illuminous semi transparent Ming Dynasty 13681644 i Highly elaborate system of bureaucracy World Civilization Week 11 111215 ii Had Secretaries with 6 ministries iii 6 ministries mantel personal revenue rights warjustice and public works 1 Rightsceremonies priest hood Daoist Buddhism Personalgovernment employees hiring assessment etc Revenuetax collector and currency War all matters of military and delivery Justice Judicial works and penal processes 6 Public work handling public projects and maintenance iv Meritocracy Scholar type value educational learning stemming from Confucianism v Created an education assessment system that created an elite group of people capable in holding government offices h Confucianism i 6th century BC from Confucius 571479 BCE ii Believes in possibility to prefect discipline and cultivate oneself iii Hold up moral values humanist loyalty familial piety i Zheng He Chinese explorer i Ordered by emperor to explore the west ii Accompanied by almost 28 thousand men iii Sailed 62 giant ships 517ft in length iv Born and raised as Muslim v Castrated in Eunuch j Cultural exchange i Jesuits educated themselves in Confucian philosophy also bring western beliefs 3 Chinese painting a Scroll horizontal amp vertical i On silk woven horizontal sheets with rods on either end ii Sequential small paintings to depict a narrative 4 Opium wars a Strong and selfefficient 19th century establishes bad deals British realized exporting Opium from India to china they can dominate them China wanted to control new import opium laws were stricter British increase export five folds First Opium War 18391842 Second Opium War 18561860 Boxer rebellion 1898 i Against British imperialism i 1911 Qing over thrown 5 Chairman Mao Zedong Communist a Chinese communist Revolution Marxist theorist b Communist forms Socialist state based on the Soviet Union c New nation People s Republic of China PRC founded in 1949 d Controlled country until 1979 9159quot anrhrbszog World Civilization Week 11 111215 e Formed socialist state after model of Soviet Union f Used propaganda to promote ideas g Extended suffering