Chapters 22 and 14(art and language
Chapters 22 and 14(art and language ANTR 110S
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nathaniel Rhodes on Saturday November 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTR 110S at Old Dominion University taught by KRISTIN M MACAK in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 11/14/15
ANTR 1105 Intro to anthropology chapters 14 and 22 Chapter 22 Art media and sports OzzrztramwrnposwP Arts include music performance visuals and stories Art is expressive seeks to bring out an emotion and showcases skills Aesthetic Purely for looks art expressive form that evokes a aesthetic reaction Expressive culture Dance music painting and sculpture Art and religion sometimes stirs controversy depending on how it is portrayed Art expresses an individual39s world view and style Folk of people art within a small society ex Amish tradition Ethnomusicology comparison of music style between cultures Catharsis intense emotional release Art moves around the world Text cultural product that is processed and assigned meaning Media has effects that may move people to action People build social networks online and offline Sports bring about interest in many people It can be a unifying and competitive force Chapter 14 Language and communication Communication A Human language consists of lexiconstructure and grammarthe words themselves B Useful for linguistic anthropologists C Unlike humans animals cannot use words and such that can be put into a dictionary But they can use gestures feelings and their desires can be obvious Design features A Speech B Language C Grammar D SemanticsLanguage meaning system E Interchangeability F Cultural Transmission G Displacement H Discreetness Nonhuman primate communication 9 Calling system a communication system animals use very limited sound Studies show trainability Issues achieving communication goalsprimates only learn by association not actual words and reason ANTR 1105 Intro to anthropology chapters 14 and 22 D Language is different from communication because it is spoken and written and has Socialcultural context E Daughter Languages Descend from parent languages Proto anguage Ancestral to daughter languages FrenchSpanish derive from Latin quotquot or German and English derive from protoGermanic Latin G Phonology study of speech sounds H Morphology study of word constructions morphemes I Lexicon vocabulary J Syntax arrangementorder of words in phrases and sentences Speech sounds A Phoneme smallest sound contract that distinguishes a wordcat and hat B Phonetics study of speech sounds C Phonemics study of sound contracts Other terms A Universal grammar all languages have a underlying commonalityNoam Chomsky1950s B Whorf hypothesis Different languages produce different patterns of thought C Language influences world view colors in some countries don39t have distinctions for dark and light or specific shadings of colors other than white and black