Week 7 Notes: Lecture 14
Week 7 Notes: Lecture 14 ARH 209
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Saturday November 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/14/15
ARH209 History ofJapanese Art Lecture 14 November 12 2015 Visual Culture of the quotFloating World Woodblock Prints Edo Period 2 Cultural Changes Tokugawa built a castle surrounded by motes in Edo making it the political center about 500000 residents in 1721 when they started taking a census 1 million residents by the 19th century lords were forced to live in the city farmers gave up their farms to come to the city in search of a better life Two quotbad places according to the government the Kabuki theatres traditional Japanese acting and Yoshiwara brothel district Prostitues in Yoshiwara typically never got out of prostitution unless they got quotbought out by someone which rarely happened Kabuki plays originally only had female actors playing very sensual parts but because it was quottoo risqu it switched to only male actors male actors playing a female role wore hats to cover their shaven heads Edo travel culture there was a highway between Edo and Kyoto inspired landscape prints there was a checkpoint which required a travel permit Monasteries were the main location of woodblock printing mostly consisting of religious texts and images at first Floating World Ukiyo in Japanese used to mean sadness or suffering but in the Edo period it became floating world which symbolized a world of pursuing entertainment and pleasure 3 major themes beautiful women of the Pleasure Quarters Beauty Prints handsome and beautiful actors in the Theater Districts Actor Prints and exciting and beautiful places inside and out of Edo Brocade Pictures Nishikie Started by Suzuki Harunobu he had a poetry club and wanted to widely distribute art Singlesheet multicolored woodblock prints Created through collaboration between publisher comes up with idea and sells the final product designer draws out the image including the colors carver carves out the blocks based on the design printer uses blocks to print the piece Made by a handdrawn design getting transferred to a quotkey block then quotcolor blocks are carved out for each individual color then the printer makes the prints starting with the key block and then the printing the color blocks from lightest color to darkest color Registrations kento tick marks on the wood blocks allowed for prints to be perfectly aligned in a multicolor print Collaboration resulted in large differences in the designer s proof and the final product The more a print looks like a painting the more skilled the carver and the printer were in the process Woodblock prints were very affordable and hugely popular Typicaly 500 prints in one edition and there could be multiple editions a series Guide to Love in Yoshiwara Example of the first form books of floating world prints Lovers Hishikawa Moronobu lived in a suburb of Edo initially a painter studying in several schools started designing prints like this one First scene in a series of 12 prints Considered very suggestiverisqu for its time Partialy shaven head suggests the bottom figure is a man and he is very young since his bangs are not yet shaven Evening Bell of the Clock Edo 2 Exam Slides pg 2 From the series quotEight Indoor Scenes Originally a very subdued sensitive piece but once it fell into the hands of the publisher the colors became more contrasted and shading disappeared to make it cheaper to produce Pubisher left out the artists signature which was typical for a commercial print Adaptation of the rises Ka kitsubata Edo 2 Exam Slides pg 3 Considered a quotbeauty print figures had small features white skin looked quotflowyquot Retains the artists signature making it more desirable 8 plank bridge and irises are a reference to the original Irises painting Depicts fashionable people traveling to Kyoto in a light mood contrasts with the original Irises piece because the people are traveling opposite ways and the moods were negative in the original Oiran Subject was a highranking courtesan in Yoshiwara Focuses on the face loose hair indicates she just had a bath she is probably about to write a love letter since she is licking a brush KiriNoMusume Edo 2 Exam Slides pg 4 Subject was a lowclass prostitute with hourly rates Artist had a shop in the pleasure district so she was considered a master of beauty prints Simplecolored robes and simple sash indicate cheap clothing her smile and the letter she is clutching indicates she just received a love letter and might get out of Yoshiwara Hour of the Bull 13am Edo 2 Exam Slides pg 5 One scene in a series of 12 editions Disheveled state indicates the courtesan is headed to the bathroom in the middle of the night and was just with a highpaying customer it was very expensive to stay an entire night in Yoshiwara Goro Uprooting a Bamboo Tree Example of an early version of an quotactor print where actors are portrayed as their imagined characters Based on a play depicts a scene where Goro is demonstrating his strength by uprooting a bamboo tree Hanshiro V as Murasame Example of a later version of an quotactor print where actors were portayed as themselves simply dressed up as their characters Actor Kikunojo III as Oshizu Edo 2 Exam Slides pg 6 Example of a male kabuki actor playing a female character Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas
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