Medieval Art History, Week 8
Medieval Art History, Week 8 ART 483, Art History
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Mason on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 483, Art History at Fort Hays State University taught by Erica Bittel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Medieval Art History in Art at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
March 9 , 2016 Medieval Art – Chapter 4: Early Medieval Art in the West Textbook pages 75-100 • Groups of migratory people altered the history of the Roman and Byzantine Empires o These people had an ancient cultural heritage and a highly developed artist tradition o They were hunters, shepherds, and famers with clan-inspired social and political organization o They also possessed a rich oral history and complex ritual activities o Barbarians is not the correct term o Very arts and crafty, pottery, weapons, and decorated them • Among the most important of the many different groups were the Celts in Western Europe and the Germanic peoples living near the Baltic Sea o Between the 8 and 6 centuries BCE, the widespread adoption of iron for weapons and tools advanced agricultural productivity Ø This development led to a higher sense of security and standard of living • As their population increased, these people moved toward the Mediterranean and the Black Seas in search of more land • Though migration and trade, a group known as the La Téne Celts came into contact with Mediterranean art and culture o The La Téne craftsmen invented a new artistic style that combined Mediterranean palmette and vine elements with their native geometric decoration st • Holcombe Mirror, first half of 1 century original, engraved bronze • Scythian Birdman, 4 century, gold o Scythian horsemen were from the region where Iran is today th th • Harness mount with animal ornament, 6 or 7 century, gilt bronze th • Fibulae, 5 century, gold lead over silver core with almandine, mother-of-pearl, and enamel (Left). Pair of Fibulae (Right). o Made by the Goths • Polychrome/Gem Style – multicolored stones mounted in strips of gold, employed by the Goths to decorate jewelry, weapons and functional objects • Fibulae – large safety pins, made in pairs, used to fasten cloaks and other garments • The appeal of the Roman Empire: o Relative security o Cultivated land o The stability that it offered its inhabitants • The Roman Empire was expansive, and eventually extended across Celtic lands to the Rhine and Danube Rivers • Foederatii – indigenous (native) allies o Charged with the task of defending the new boarders • At the peak of the Roman Empire, which dates from the 1 to the early 2 nd centuries, Christianity was not yet a unifying force o The Goths abandoned their pagan gods for Arian Christianity (a heresy in the eyes of Rome)