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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amalia Cristiano on Thursday January 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 22166 at San Diego State University taught by Eric Smigel in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.
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Date Created: 01/29/15
Music351 January 27 2015 The Beat Generation The Beat Generation was born in the 1920s and lived through WWII leading to feelings of disillusionment with society Their peak was during the 1950s They were primarily upper class white males who were Ivy Leagueeducated particularly at Columbia University San Francisco and Greenwich Village in New York City were the hotspots for the Beat Generation a group of poets and artists that included Jack Kerouac Allen Ginsberg and others It was a literary movement and the Beats were referred to as hipsters because they listened to a funkier jazz sound Their in uences included poets Walt Whitman and Ralph Waldo Emerson who challenged traditional ideas and conformity Note They were not rebellious but rather inclined to an avoidance of conformity Hippies In the 1960s arising from the Beat Generation emerged a group of young people pejoratively termed hippies because they were considered wannabe hipsters They had been born in the 1940s and were made up of young people aged 15 to 25 They were generally not as wealthy or educated as the Beats They challenged the Vietnam War among other things most importantly the music of the time They tended to experiment with psychedelic drugs including LSD and marijuana Terms Drone single note or chord that is sustained throughout a musical work or a section of a musical work Timbre Sound quality Sitar plucked string instrument of India Bright timbre Free Jazz style of jazz characterized by group improvisation unencumbered by conventional rules Tempo speed of a musical work Measured in beats per minute Melody a succession of notes that form a unified musical entity Harmony arrangement or progression of chords which are comprised of different notes sounding simultaneously Open Form Music without structural repetition or conventional form
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