Lecture Notes 1/29/15
Lecture Notes 1/29/15 POLISCI 121
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Linda Jiang on Thursday January 29, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to POLISCI 121 at University of Massachusetts taught by Vincent Ferraro in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Massachusetts.
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Date Created: 01/29/15
12915 Why does war occur Realists all agree that the world is a bad place Classical Realists o Wars occur because of a flaw in human beings human nature explains war 0 quest for power leads us to intrude into other states Structural Realists o NeoRealists c We don t care what human nature is about 0 Anarchy explains war 0 there is no governing body to prevent wars from occurring Morgenthau s Ideas 0 Objective laws of human nature 0 All parts of human history is filled with conflict 0 stuck with human beings fighting wars all the time 0 war is going to occur no matter what I Can only manage war but not end it 0 Always be prepared to be betrayed 0 Not to assume the best of other states around but to always assume the worst 0 always preparing for the worst Melian Dialogue 0 A discussion between Athens and the people of Melos o Melos belonged to Sparta Sparta gt Land bases power Athens gt Navy base power Have to recognize a power before a government is legitimized The strong do as they will and the weak suffer as they must 0 Melos fights and resists o Athenians kills all the men and sell all the women I Melos ceases to exist 0 Athenians followed the impulse of power 0 according to Athenians that is what men do Struggle is inevitable Somehow winning does make a difference Rule of Thought 0 Hobbes Machiavelli o ideology of human nature 0 How do we measure lust for power 0 Ethologists gt Sociobiologists o Konrad Lorenz Richard Ardrey 0 Edward Wilson The study of animal behavior is similar to human behavior
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