Lesson 20: Marx, Engels, and Scientific Socialism
Lesson 20: Marx, Engels, and Scientific Socialism Hist 150
Popular in The West in the World
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Sunday November 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
Reviews for Lesson 20: Marx, Engels, and Scientific Socialism
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 11/15/15
Lesson 20 Marx Engels and Scientific Socialism o Marx amp Engels were fascinated by the industrial revolution 0 2 Major schools of Socialism o Utopian Socialism 0 Scientific Socialisms I Both love the ideas of science and technology Utopian Socialists 0 Group of French and British Socialists 0 Robert Owen 0 Made a fortune in the cotton business 0 Saw this as creating a society of competition and individualism o Came up with a way of creating this society I Experimentalcommunities 0 Setting up experimental communities I 6 in US I 7 in Britain Used his cotton money to set up these communities New Harmony IN I Tried to build one of these communities 0 Wanted to introduce idea of both cooperation and community I Everything is owned by everyone People believed that these communities would lead to absolute chaos Practically none of these communities were a success Scientific Socialism o Marx and Engels were very different in thinking compa red to Owen 0 Karl Marx earned a PhD in Philosophy 0 Engels Came from a middle class background 0 Countless revolutionary attributions to business 0 First work of Marx and Engels o quotThe Communist Manifesto 1848 0 Believe that this falling of governments was the beginning of a new age 0 Became in trouble with many of the authorities in Europe I Engels fled back to Britain 0 Most famous work of Ma rx 0 quotDas Kapital 1867 0 Was fascinated by Charles Darwin and believed they were similar in their views quotSu per Structure Economic Determinism Economybasis for all 0 quotEconomic Structure or mode of production 0 In 19th Centurynd ustrial Capitalism Lavv Rehgkan Pc hjcs State Marxist Theory 0 quotEconomic Structures and quotsuperstructu res change overtime o What brings about change 0 Class struggle between those who own the means of production and those who labor 0 In 19th Century Capitalist vs Proletariat o Inevita bility of revolution 0 Employment declining standards of living polarization of society 0 Capitalist 0 Those who own labor 0 Proleta riat 0 Those who labor 0 Convinced that Revolution was inevitable based on conditions of the 19th Century 0 Dictation of the Proleta riat Government by working class 0 Classes disappear state withers away corporate production Socialist Parties 0 Late 19th and 20th Centuries 0 German Social Democratic Party 1875 0 Based on ideas of Marx and Engels I Becomes model for other socialist parties 0 American Socialist Party 0 Founded by Eugene Debbs Terre Haute IN