CJ 306 Week 3 Notes
CJ 306 Week 3 Notes CJ 306
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Gray on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 306 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Walter Patton in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 192 views.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
C 306 Week 3 Notes 1272015 Chapter 3 writing clearly and concisely Paper Lenoth the optimum length of a paper is the number of pages needed to effectively communicate the primary ideas of the research less is more state points clearly and directly con ning the discussion to the speci c problem eiminate repetition write in active voice instead of passive Helpful Hints the use of a numbered list may indicate an unwantedunwarranted ordinal position Bullets may be utilized as an alternate within a paragraph or sentence identify elements in a series by lowercase letters in parenthesis within a sentence use commas to separate three or more elements that do not have internal commas use semicolons to separate three or more elements that have internal commas Writing Style cear communications is a primary importance and considered the primary objective continuity can be achieved by the use of commas by showing the relationship between ideas commas also cue the reader to pause and utilize voice in ections suddeny shifting the topic tense person can confuse the reader try not to edit your own work consult with someone you trust to be objective keep target audience in mind don39t be over descriptive do not elaborate the obvious avoid irrelevant info short words and short sentences are easier to comprehend do not overuse technical terminology if the paper is being read outside your discipline correct redundancy example pg 67 direct declarative sentences with the simple common words are best paragraphs that are too long may lose the readers interest a new paragraph refreshes the reader Precision and claritv make certain that every word means exactly what you intended it to mean avoid colloquialism practically all very few jargon is the continuous use of a technical vocabulary pronouns may confuse the reader when they refer to something or someone in a previous sentence comparisons may be ambiguous or illogical if key verbs are omitted anthropomorphisms occurs when human characteristics are applied to animals or inanimate objects an experiment cannot attempt to demonstrate control unwanted variables or interpret ndings nor can tables or gures compare they show or indicate if you are the sole author use not we unless you have coauthors avoid the overuse of clich s write from an outline put aside the rst draft and review later ask a peer to review and critique your draft avoid perpetuating demeaning attitudes and biased assumptions about people avoid labeling call people what they want to be called the use of man as a generic noun or as an ending for an occupational title may incorrectly imply that all persons are male use sexual orientation instead of sexual preference racial and ethnic identities become dated overtime utilized current accepted designations disabiities avoid language that objecti es person by his or her condition age usage 1 should be reported as part of a descriptor in the methods section 2 provide speci c age ranges avoid openended de nitions such as under 18 or over 65 3 girls and boys for individuals under 12 4 young man and woman 1317 5 man and woman 18 and above Grammar and usage Incorrect grammar may frustrate reader aways use passive voice not active voice subject verb agreement Data are pronouns replace nouns and must also agree in number with the noun it replaces pronoun must agree in gender Use who for humans use that or which for nonhuman animals DonTDos there v their to v too were v was you know see what I m saying threw v through
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