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A&P 2 Lecture Notes 1/29

by: Juliana Bernard

A&P 2 Lecture Notes 1/29 272

Marketplace > University of Massachusetts > Kinesiology > 272 > A P 2 Lecture Notes 1 29
Juliana Bernard
GPA 4.0
Anatomy and Physiology II
Dr. Gordon

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About this Document

Lecture Notes from Thursday, January 29 with added notes from textbook
Anatomy and Physiology II
Dr. Gordon
One Day of Notes
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Popular in Anatomy and Physiology II

Popular in Kinesiology

This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Juliana Bernard on Friday January 30, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to 272 at University of Massachusetts taught by Dr. Gordon in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 135 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology II in Kinesiology at University of Massachusetts.


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Date Created: 01/30/15
Thursday January 29 2015 KIN 272 Lecture Notes Endocrine System Pituitary gland hangs from and sends hormones to the hypothalamus connected to the hypothalamus by it39s funnelshaped infundibulum divided into anterior and posterior pituitary Posterior Pituitary releases neurohormones received readymade from the hypothalamus ADH or antidiuretic hormone peptide prevents wide swings in water balance helping the body avoid dehydration and water overload Targets kidneys stimulate kidney tubule cells to reabsorb water Stimulated by impulses from hypothalamic neurons in response to increase blood solute concentration or decreased blood volume pain low blood pressure some drugs nicotine morphine barbiturates nhibited by adequate hydration of the body and by alcohol 0xytocin peptide a strong stimulant of uterine contraction released in significantly higher amounts during childbirth and in nursing women Targets uterus stimulates uterine contractions initiates labor and breasts initiates milk ejection Stimulated by impulses from hypothalamic neurons in response to cervicaluterine stretching and suckling of infant at breast lnhibited by lack of appropriate neural stimuli Anterior Pituitary manufactures and releases a number of hormones GH or growth hormone protein essentially an anabolic tissue building hormone that has both metabolic and growthpromoting actions Targets liver muscle bone cartilage and other tissues anabolic hormone stimulates somatic growth mobilizes fats spares glucose growthpromoting effects mediated indirectly by insulinlike growth factors Stimulated by GHRH growth hormonereleasing hormone release which is triggered by low blood levels of GH as well as by a number of secondary triggers including hypoglycemia increases in blood levels of amino acids low levels of fatty acids exercise and other types of stressors nhibited by feedback inhibition exerted by GH and lGFs and by hyperglycemia hyperlipidemia obesity and emotional deprivation TSH or thyroidstimulating hormone glycoprotein tropic hormone that stimulates normal development and secretory activity of they thyroid gland Targets thyroid gland stimulates thyroid gland to release thyroid hormones Stimulated by TRH and in infants indirectly by cold temperature lnhibited by feedback inhibition exerted by thyroid hormones on anterior pituitary and hypothalamus ACTH or adrenocorticotropic hormone peptide stimulates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones most importantly glucocorticoids that help the body resist stressors Targets adrenal cortex promotes release of glucocorticoids and androgens Stimulated by CRH fever hypoglycemia and other stressors lnhibited by feedback inhibition exerted by glucocorticoids Gonadotropins or FSH and LH glycoprotein regulate the function of gonads ovaries and testes Targets ovaries and testes in females FSH stimulates ovarian follicle maturation and estrogen production while LH triggers ovulation and stimulates ovarian production of estrogen and progesterone in males FSH stimulates sperm production while LH promotes testosterone production Stimulated by GnRH lnhibited by feedback inhibition exerted by inhibin and estrogenprogesterone in females testosterone in males PRL or prolactin protein stimulate milk production by the breasts Targets breast secretory tissue promotes lactation Stimulated by decreased PIH release enhanced by estrogens birth control pills breastfeeding and dopamineblocking drugs nhibited by PIH dopamine MSH or melanocyte stimulation hormone peptide stimulate production and release of melanin and signals to the brain have effects on appetite and sexual arousal Blood Flow in the Heart Blood from the body flows to the superior and inferior vena cava then to the right atrium through the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle through the pulmonic valve to the pulmonary artery to the lungs The blood picks up oxygen in the lungs and then flows from the lungs to the pulmonary veins to the left atrium through the mitral valve to the left ventricle through the aortic valve to the aorta to the body


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