Death Penalty in the Islamic World and Asia
Death Penalty in the Islamic World and Asia CRIM 405-002
Popular in Law and Justice Around the World
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cailyn Notetaker on Monday November 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRIM 405-002 at George Mason University taught by Andrew Novak in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Law and Justice Around the World in Criminology and Criminal Justice at George Mason University.
Reviews for Death Penalty in the Islamic World and Asia
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 11/16/15
Death Penalty 2 11162015 Topics The death penalty in the Islamic World and Asia Context 0 According to Amnesty International 607 executioins were carried out in 2014 This number doesn t include China 0 The Islamic world and Southeast Asia accounted for more than 92 of world executions Death Penalty for Drug Traf cking o What is the rationale for the death penalty for drug traf cking Drug traf cking is premediated and drugs can contribute not only to illness and death for many people but also to national secutiy weakness The Death Penalty in the Islamic World 0 Islamic legal sources contain textual support for capital punishment but also authority for avoiding death sentences in instances of doubt Some Islamic scholars argue that use of capital punishment in Islamic World far exceeds that strictly required by Islamic sources 0 Most Islamic countries still retain legal capital punishment but members of the Council of Europe Turkey etc and countries in North Africa Tunisia Algeria and Morocco are de facto abolitionist Largest executioners by far are Pakistan Iran Iraq and Saudi Arabia Pakistan is at 300 so far for 2015 Saudi Arabia at 150 o Other frequent executioners include Sudan Egypt Somalia Yemen 0 Jordan carried out executions in 2014 after several years 0 Arab Spring created opportunity to abolish as new civil society voices involved in politics and the public has new skepticism of state power The Death Penalty in China 0 China has historically been the world39s largest executioner by order of magnitude 90 of the world s executions up to 20000 per year 0 China s execution rate has dramatically declined in recent years as the federal government has rationalized death sentencing o 2006 All death row appeals required hearings in open court 0 2007 Supreme People s Court must con rm all death sentences 0 2010 Rules of evidence prohibit use of confessions from torture 0 2011 13 nonviolent capital offenses removed from criminal law 9 more removed in November 2015 o 2012 Interrogations of deathlife suspects must be recorded 0 New methods of sentencing that have reshaped the death penalty 0 Introduction of death sentence with twoyear suspension which now accounts for overwhelming majority of capital sentences Automatically commutes to life imprisonment if no new crimes SPC issued guiding cases to help lower courts in sentencing 0 China encourages perpetrators to provide compensation to victims and victims to accept to avoid quotimmediate executionquot The Death Penalty in India 0 India executes extremely rarely about once every 8 years 0 Like the United States India faces protracted constitutional challenges to capital punishment The Indian Supreme Court has like the US Supreme Court heavily shaped the current situation In 1980 Court developed quotrarest of the rarequot doctrine in Bachan Singh v State ofPunjab con ning the death penalty to the worst of the worst cases like terrorism 0 India has had a succession of presidents who did not act on clemency petitions and thereby prevented executions Although India seems close to a moratorium on executions the country has little in the way of a coordinated campaign to abolish o The major political parties Congress and BJP generally oppose abolition as does most of the political establishment O