Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes HIST 2340W
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 139 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
Week 3 SpanishAmerican War Readings The March of the ag govern the people without their consentquot Possible to rule land over seas like England has done To establish national security and a navy power march of the agquot9 name of American expansionism Philippines produce what they consume and viceversa Reciprocal trade Hawaii Control of Pacific Manila Control of Asia For intervention in Cuba Give quotindependencequot to Cuba and use American resources to modernize the region Cuba s desire to be free from oppression resemble USA s independence form England Free Cuba under the same constitution will be an advance in civilization Advantages 0 Material interests agriculture 0 Location gulf of Mexico Bryan s speech Against imperialism and outlines the greed of men no need to buy Philippines from USA territory Theory of regression USA would be walking backwards by purchasing the Philippines without their consent States that the Philippines are perfectly capable of governing themselves If the USA go forward it would leave behind everything they ever worked for liberty and republic Notes of Tuesday s Class Prelude to War Cuban War of Independence causes 0 Growing American economic investment leads to closer ties with the United States 0 Rise of Cuban nationalism due to developing middle class and anti Spanish sentiment 0 Revolution in Cuba I 18959 overthrow Spanish rule rise of Cuban nationalism o Slavery is outlawed in Cuba 0 Collapse of sugar plantation 0 American investment in Cuba economically 0 At first USA wants to avoid war in Cuba but then claims responsability I Send Valeriano Weyler I Dupuy de Lome letter Letter written by Spanish foreign minister in Washington DC calls McCanley weak and says he won t go to war in under any circumstances 0 Hurt American pride I Sinking of the Maine Investigation claimed that the sink sunk because of a Spanish mindquot Arguments for War 0 Basis of Cuba s virtue and Spain s Henry Cabot Lodge I Freedom of religion freedom of the press advance Cuban ideas in the western hemisphere I Out immediate peculiarly argument I USA could transform and democratize Cuba I A war for national honor Treaty of Paris 1898 0 They go to war and there are more volunteers than soldier o Majority of the war is fought at sea 0 Cuba declared independent 0 Puerto Rico and the Philippines ceded to the USA 0 Does not have the ability to care for themselves depicted as a child in power point picture 0 Platt Amendment Constitutional convention I USA has right to intervene in Cuban Affairs I Cuba cannot acquire debt from any European Powers I 99 year lease on Guantanamo Bay Emilio Arguinaldo Philippines 0 Feb 5 18999 night before USA senate ratified the treaty of Paris I On that night revolution against American annexation to the Philippines The revolution is led by Aguinaldo o Followed by a violent war where the revolution was suppressed and Aguinaldo was captured 0 200000 Philippines died numerous atrocities committed by Americans in the battle field Senator Albert Beveridge views of annexation of Philippines 0 March of the Flag I He justifies the annexation by Stating that the Philippinos were not capable of self governing Continuation of what the founding fathers did always being expansionists 0 Discussion Service to God 9 justified by religion Mentions points of free trade and taxation Protection from Europeans powers USA is more apt to rule the region because of its uniqueness because it has a republic Interprets Iefferson as an imperialist with the purpose to make it look like American imperialism was better it was more correct I USA has no empire should be above imperialism I Undermine the principals that formed our government and creation I With the annexation America will look like a hypocrite I End suppressing and destroying liberties at home Limit of freedom of speech due to hypocrisy I Claims that the Americans proved the Europeans statement that America was too weak for governing themselvesquot might as well just apply to the Philippines thus they would begin a revolution against the father of revolutions proving an entire cycle since yes they are capable of selfgovernment National Building in the Philippines I Supervision of municipal governments I Educational reforms I Economic development programs 18989 USA expansion 0 O O O O imperialism redefinition of the world order demonstrate US hegemonic role in international affairs direct challenge to European interests in Americas nation building Thursday Class Imperial competition over China 0 O 0 USA conquered the Philippines to provide access to China and their markets in the SpanishAmerican War Open door policy a new conservative effort on the part of USA to secure Chinese markets and prevent European powers to take over Chinese territory China suffered dramatic defeat over Sino Iapanese War lost Korea to japan Sino Iapanese War 0 Sino century war border lost Korea to Japan in the war 0 Made Chinese believe in change over the Chinese political structure and change in government policies due to the loss in the war USA interpreted as a quotcallquot to the USA to take a more active role in China Charles Denby Ir 0 O O O 0 First secretary of US legation Helped to negotiate Treaty of Shimonoseki ending SinoIapanese War Recognizes that America is overproducing and should sell surplus to China Increasing American Trade with China in 1890 s Formation of groups such as the American Asiatic Association Foreign direct investments increase not just one product is produced anymore Opportunity of trade with China is much better than trade with South America China will become Americanized because they would be using the same goods as Americans USA should protect their own business example of Britain France and etc 9 close opportunity for American economic expansion ReligionChristianity 0 Growing In uence of Christian Missionaries I Training an entire population of Chinese leaders I Christianity has a broader in uence than economic it is more relatable to most people I Smith is similar to Denby by portraying China as a powerful country Differences in speeches Denby thinks commercially economic Smith believes their impact should be social I Boxer Rebellion Christianity insulted Chinese by assuming role of teacher honor in China Government is weakening Chinese officials undermining their authority Leads to an antimissionary sentiment Boxer uprising spread attack intended to immigrants living in China Anti foreign group About 230 people were killed Foreigners were from Britain France USA and Russia I Boxer Protocol Indemnity Chinese government was forced to pay to the western powers Foreign countries can station troops in Beijing Legation quarters governed by extraterritoriality granted diplomatic immunity 9they obeyed the rules of their own nations I Idea of spreading civilization Missionaries felt that Chinese were hostile and they needed protection from them Pressure the government to support their cause Stress the moral necessity of aiding China American diplomats start to become deceptive on the demands to protect their missionaries 0 Policy in Asia USA approach9 I How should the USA differentiate themselves from Europe in Asia I USA will be looked as more benign in China s policies than Europe ever did I USA does not have spheres of in uence they want to ensure that China will achieve its sovereignty I Didn t want a sphere of in uence because their interest was purely economic They could have Chinese market when they wanted Iohn Hay 0 Open Door notes I A set of notes asking European countries that are involved in China for several things Shipping and railway privileges General Chinese Tariff collected by Chinese government in all spheres of in uence Respect Chinese sovereignty I European powers agree to them verbally only I In general the open door notes were not very effective Proved that USA did not have much in uence in foreign relations in China due to the not seriousness of the European power in relation to their policy They were not enforceable I BUT USA gained China s trust I Expand American in uence without expanding a national empire This idea becomes an important component in America foreign policy
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