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European Civ Class Notes, #2

by: Meghan Xanthos

European Civ Class Notes, #2 HIST 1120 - European Civ in World Context

Meghan Xanthos
GPA 3.459
European Civ in World Context

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European Civ in World Context
One Day of Notes
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Meghan Xanthos on Friday January 30, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to HIST 1120 - European Civ in World Context at George Washington University taught by Burns in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see European Civ in World Context in History at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 01/30/15
The Enlightenment 0 Definition refers to progressive and secular individuals from most notably Scotland and France do not over personify not a collective hive mind can be seen as a serious of projects rationally ordering society on a basis other than religion the enlightenment a term created by emmanuel kant kant said that the age itself was not enlightened but the world was in the process of becoming enlightened Religious toleration idea that emerged in 17th century in a world that overwhelmingly viewed as Christianity as the one true religion pragmatic argument a society being religiously tolerant would not be ghting religious wars religious toleration is necessary for society right of human beings Dutch Republic of England had already reached state of religious toleration France did not have religious tolerance much of the enlightenment happened in France Revocation of the Edict of Nantes protestant minority no longer tolerated forced to leave country or convert to catholicism protestants industrious people therefore France suffered the Calas case protestant family eldest son found hanged in basement own father was assumed to have had killed him for wanting to convert to catholicism father sentenced to death priests said protestants would do this to every catholic father s widow appealed to voltaire volatile believed father innocent wrote letters signed crush the infamy believed father was made an example of to create catholic sympathizers o Anticlericalism Deism O Atheism reached peak in 18th century de ned as the belief that all priests were corrupt anticlericalists believed that priests were chasing young boys did not keep their vows religion was a device of putting power into the hands of people who are least t for it in catholic countries the clergy was more powerful person who believes in god but not any particular religion voltaire old revered knocks on a citizen s door asks to walk to top of hill together to look at view once at the top of the hill voltaire raises arms and yells something similar to I believe in you god but I don t believe in jesus or mary or any religion illegal 18th century people occasionally executed for it atheists in the modern sense 17th century an atheist doesn t care about god More about Religion so many problems with religion why is everyone religious scary universe god provides security religion is good for ordinary peasant because it ll keep them in line and keep the well off from not being killed religion led to fall of roman empire Hume believed people started out as polytheists Edward Gibbon thought religion focused on souls rather than the outside world Law Enforcement criminal investigation is based on torture could be introduced in court enlightenment thinkers were opposed to torture Science signi ed process in France many people continued to follow the teachings of Rene Decarte voltaire writes about english physics and government newtonian physics laid out turns out to be right newton becomes the great hero of the enlightenment


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