COMM 2713 09 nov to 13 nov
COMM 2713 09 nov to 13 nov COMM 2713 - 001
Popular in Communication Theory
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by John Notetaker on Monday November 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 2713 - 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jill A Edy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Communication Theory in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 11/16/15
COMM 2713 09 NOV 2015Prof Edy MON Topic Organizational Communication Organization and Communication 0 Object the organizations become the communication 0 Becoming Communication constitutes the organization I That is without communication there is no organization 0 Grounded in Action As we interact with and create communication activities organizing is brought into being which in turn enables and constrains future communication activities What are Organizations 0 Machines Mechanistic Classical Theory I Everyone everything is viewed as cogs in a machinequot I Taylor s systematic soldiering Rate busting coworkers will persuade you to work at the same rate as them I Fayol s General Management Thinks of organizations as a division of labor 0 Families Human relations I Mayo s Hawthorne Effect People tend to work more because they are being watched attention is given I Herzberg s Motivation Hygiene Things that give us satisfaction are motivators for us 0 Teams human resources I A tension between focusing on tasks and relationships When you focus on both you communicate across the spectrum I Leader member exchange theory More likely to do better if you like the people that you work with o Cultures I A web of meaning Geertz amp Pacanowsky o A living organism network Gidden s Structuration Theory Weick s Sense making Individuals don t know how to act until after you ve acted I Communication Constitutes Organizing CCO Uses 4 ows of communication 0 v Cameron did not talk about the ows Critical Theory of Organization Organizations as Cultures o Geertz amp Pacanowsky I Ethnography To write the culturequot you need a deep understanding of the culture 0 Members create and maintain a shared sense of organized reality usingquot I Grounded in Action spider web of meanings I Metaphors I Stories which there are three Corporate Reiterates the values of the organization Personal How they would like to be Viewed by the organization Collegial Stories that happen within the organization can be good or bad I Ritual Repeated practices that make the organization what it is COMM 2713 11 NOV 2015 Prof Piercy WED Organizations 0 Are Interdependent they have a main goal 0 Can be members of multiple organizations Context amp Setting 0 This moment s questions is the next moment s context 0 Context is just as important as messages Structuration Theory 0 Key Concepts I Structure Complex web of rules and institutions we live in I Agency Free will Choice to follow or not follow the rules 0 Explains how behavior is enabled and constrained by malleable structures 0 Work at social levels I Establishment and maintenance of norms rules and roles o Structuration ability to create and recreate the organization through your own actions RECAP 0 Object exists before the communication within an organization 0 Becoming Exists because of the communication 0 Grounded in Action A combination of both and exists because of both Structuration Rules V Action 0 Rules and structures both constrain and enable human action I Organizational memory Ex An employee spoke up about unethical behavior and got fired Based on that memory would you speak up next time I Organizational layout Past patterns of behavior can determine future actions I Organization Institutions I Rules and structures can be explicit or implicit Human action serves to produce and reproduce structure We can both overcome and be overcome by quotthe way things arequot 0 Explicit Written down codified o Implicit Not written implied Not reliant on a specific person or time Critical Theory of Organizations Deetz 0 Communication constructs rather than re ects reality Becoming view 0 Corporate colonization dictates allocation of time o Managerial communication I In which communication ows down I Strategically controls Ex Agenda control I Seeks consent We agree to do what our management asks us to do even though if we said no we would probably have to do it anyway 0 Accepting corporate views put profit ahead of other potential social values I Equality stakeholder democracy I Freedom participation I Health and Environment These three are all benefits COMM 2713 13 NOV 2015 Prof Edy FRI Topic a Short History of Mass Media Before Printing 0 Everyday life was filled with interpersonal communication until about 1400 15th century 0 Handcopied manuscripts bible were seen as art pieces because only the priests could read them I It was also a monk s job to hand copy these manuscripts which were written in Latin by the Catholic Church I King s would hire people to read and write these manuscripts even though they were powerful I Priests would travel gt than 30 miles which gave them power over people because they had news from the outside world about what was going on 0 Low levels of literacy I All people knew was what your priest would tell you on Sunday and you weren t able to double check this like we can now with the newspaper Printing 0 Guttenburg s contribution was movable type I Probably originated in Korea I Many times faster than blocketching with wood or metal I First used to make bibles It could also make perfect copies no monk hand written errors And could make many more copies than monks monks about 2 in their lifetime 0 Copies allowed manuscripts to survive disasters 0 Printing in German language I This took away the Catholic monopoly I Everyday religions started here Protestant Baptist Lutheran you get the idea 0 However this still does not constitute Mass Media I Literacy levels were still too low in order to read enough 18th century 1700 s 0 Rising levels of literacy but still uneven distributions of education mostly rich people were educated not the poor I Women were not educated there was no point according to them 0 Reading was done in public places because they couldn t afford to buy and take the news home I This tied reading to social life because you had to go somewhere public pub tavern to read 19th century 0 High speed cylinder presses penny presses I Drops prices dramatically 5 cents to 1 cents I Comic strips come in dedicated sports section gossip columns etc In order to appeal to the working class I Public education widespread literacy Everybody was required to get an education 0 Reading in Private transition point Mass Society Theory 19th century 0 Social dislocation I Massive movement from the country to the cities Cutting family ties by doing this Went from a community style of living to a societal style of living 0 Economic motivation 0 Lack of social constraint I Because you don t know anybody you re more willing to do stuff that you wouldn t normally do Anonymity It s harder to get caught so you don t have that social conformity that you usually would back home 0 Private consumption of Mass Media I Violence People would try what they say in the papers I Amoral behavior People read about amoral columns and did that stuff that they saw