1/29/15 Notes HY 102
Popular in Western Civilization Since 1648
Popular in History
This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Hendrixson on Friday January 30, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to HY 102 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Charles Clark in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 161 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization Since 1648 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
HY 102 Lecture Notes January 29 2015 European Social Order in the Ancien R gime Demographics 0 births and deaths population increase in Europe 1790 190 million people More births fewer deaths Sustained population People were living longer in 17th and 18th century due to improved nutrition 56 for nobility 35 for commoners 50 of children died before age 5 0 marriage and children average marriage ages were 27 for women 29 for men when you get married you start your own household accumulate enough land to support your own family 0 have a child once every 18 months until one partner dies or fertility is gone 0 geographic mobility live and die in the same place very few opportunities for people to move around Agriculture and Farming o subsistence agriculture and diet 8090 of population are farmers Subsistence farmers o Grow what they can eat Three ways of organizing a eld 0 Open eld 0 All farming land is mixed together 0 Need a big heavy plow carried by oxen owned by village 0 Fields are long and narrow 0 Grain wheat and root vegetables beats turnips potatoes 0 enclosure in England 0 famine and its diseases whole villages collapse if there is a bad harvest peasant society 0 in hard times either everyone eats or no one eats 0 when village collapse that doesn39t happen suspicious of outsiders and change famine is constant companion if village is landlocked you have three days to travel not effective unless near water u dysentery o HY 102 Lecture Notes Shifting culture 0 high and popular culture elite create 0 Commission paintings art plays etc 0 plays are different than plays for the peasants O o nobles and peasants in a changing world nobility were rapidly being left behind economy based on mutual obligations more people go to cities rise in cash crops 0 rise of merchant and banking class Key Words Enclosure Acts Allow England to have cultural revolution Landlords wand to bring in new techniques to create a new yield for the same amount of labor Gin acts smallpox common of 17th Century related to chicken pox Edward Jenner Introduced Turkish practice of inoculation to get rid of smallpox Dairymaids had fewer smallpox scares if at all Blood sports Violent dangerous Bear bating Catch a bear put a collar on it steak it in the middle of the village and sets dogs on it See how many dogs it takes with it when it dies bear always loses Goose pulling Tie to tree y by to see if you can take its head off Carnival quotMardi Grasquot Week before Lent People pretend to be someone you39re not Everyone puts on a mask No rules this week Hobreaux French for poor nobility Hidagos Spanish for poor nobility Cortezdestroyed Aztec Empire barshcina Russian for forced labor Seigneur French term HY 102 Lecture Notes People who have certain hereditary rights legal Rights include control of processing facilities for food primogeniture Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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