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PHIL 241 Non-reductive Materialism Week 2

by: Taylor Russell

PHIL 241 Non-reductive Materialism Week 2 PHIL 241

Marketplace > University of Arizona > PHIL-Philosophy > PHIL 241 > PHIL 241 Non reductive Materialism Week 2
Taylor Russell
GPA 3.7

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Non-Reductive Materialism part 3 and 4 Lecture Summaries
Consciousness and Cognition
William Leonard
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Russell on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 241 at University of Arizona taught by William Leonard in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Consciousness and Cognition in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Arizona.

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Date Created: 03/31/16
3/29 and 3/31 Major objections and such:  Behaviorism o Too liberal: Deems too much as conscious (robot, clone, really good actor) o Too chauvinistic: rules out some conscious systems (people with locked-in syndrome)  Reductionism o Chauvinistic: identity theory  Non-reductive Materialism o Ned block argues against functionalism says too chauvinistic and too liberal  Functionalists attribute mental states to systems that don’t have any, and attribute no mental states to some systems which indeed do have a mental state  Recipe for Functionalism o Psychological theory T o Translate into Ramsey sentence, R. o System has mind  functional characterization R is true of it o Mental states are quantified units within R o Choice of Psychological T  Priori functionalism: analyses are meanings of mental terms, folk psychology  Restricted to observable behaviors (input or output)  Too liberal (absent qualia argument)  So it is false  Pace functionalism: the system instantiates T but is unconscious  Homunculi-headed robots  Chinese nation case  Empirical functionalism: analyses are scientific hypotheses o Appeals to inputs and outputs from psychological theories o Psychofunctionalism  Duplicate...BASICALLY: duplicate may have non-qualitative mental states, but probably not qualitative states  Non-qualitative are unconscious and qualitative are conscious  Chauvinistic (psychofunctional duplicates could have different qualia)  How to avoid chauvinism o Characterize inputs and outputs as “whatever is inputting into the system” and “however it is outputting” o This version is suuuper liberal


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