PY 372 Week 3 notes
PY 372 Week 3 notes PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Gray on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 142 views.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
PY 372 Week 3 Notes 1272015 Many Biases happen without conscious awareness Illusory correlation seeing a relationship when no relationship exists 0 Cause faulty relationship detective things in our mind 0 Regression toward the mean misunderstanding the statistical tendency for extreme behavior to return toward one s average Baserate faacy tendency to ignore statistical information summaries 0 We ignore it because it is boring Anchoring and Adjustment tendency for numerical estimates to be biased by an initial even arbitrary starting point quotanchorquot Social Cognition Designed to be a balance between ef cient and being right to make good enough choices 0 Most of the time we want to conserve resources that39s why social cognition helps us survive We don39t want to use energy m Shortcuts to nd a correct answer in an uncertain world making decisions with heuristics 0 We make decisions based on what we have experienced in our own lives Availabilitv Heuristic If things come to mind easily then it must occur often 0 Leads us astray tabloids and TV Availabilitv heuristic Things are placed into categories based on their resemblance to typical category members Automaticity thinking and behaving can be discussed in terms of how quotautomaticquot controlled it is 4 things that distinguish automatic vs controed behavior de ned by quotfour horsemenquot 1 Uncontrollable inability to stop or alter it once it is started 2 Unintentional you don39t intend to do it lie 3 Lack of awareness you don39t know it39s happening 4 Ef ciency you don39t have to think consciously to do it texting 0 Most behaviors are a blend of automatic and controlled components Attributions How people go about explaining others and their own behaviors o 2 categories of causes of behavior External attributions situational causes all causes are external to the person Internal attributions dispositional causes all causes are internal to the person Attribution errors Fundamental attribution error tendency for you to under estimate situational in uences and overestimate dispositional in uences on others
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