Lesson 26: The Russian Revolution of 1917
Lesson 26: The Russian Revolution of 1917 Hist 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Monday November 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 11/16/15
Lesson 26 The Russian Revolution of 1917 0 Early 19th Century 0 Many failed revolutions o PetrogradSt Petersburg 0 Russian Govern ment Autoc racy o Autocracy similar to a dictatorship I Single person with unlimited political power 0 Autocrat of Russia Nicholas II o Supposedly shared political power with a quotDumaquot I Duma similar to a cocounselor Nicholas II 0 Nickname quotBloody Nicholas 0 Very reactiona ry o Despised the idea of democracy 0 Headed and authoritarian state 0 Devot Christian father and husband 0 Most serious mistake was involving Russia in WWI I 13 of troops that ma rched off to fight did not ever have weapons I Little food weapons and clothing I Russia suffered a high level of casualties o 1917 Russian Military loses about 16 million men and 37 are wounded o quotYashkaquot Woma n commanding officer 0 Wome n s station of death I Maria Bolchkavera 1915 0 Nicholas II declares himselfas Commander in Chief and then puts himself on the front lines 0 Lost touch with politics in Petrograd while he was gone Rasputin 0 Many convinced that he was trying to take over power while Nicholas II was fighting On the home front Aug 1914 0 Nicholas II decides to prohibit the sale of vodka I Thought this would help with mobilization o Ended up making the soldiers mad and ruined the economy 0 Created a huge decrease in revenue 0 Prices go up between April 19141917 on many food items I Huge inflation 0 Nicholas institutes a rationing system I Yet another bad idea and widely unpopular March 8 International Wome n s Day 0 Women decide to hold a demonstration to portray the daily hardship in their lives 0 quot7000 women show up Called for an end to the rationing system and an end to the wa r Called on the men in the factories to go on strike All of this led to another revolution Nicholas II sends in troops to break up the demonstrations using whatever force necessary I So me troops opened fire other actually joined some of the demonstrators 000 0 End to the wa r and end to the government On March 15th Nicholas abdicated and stepped down as czar leaving Russia with no government Emergence of Two Rival Political Parties 0 The Provisional Government 1917 0 Originally formed by members of the Duma I Temporary until elections to create a government 0 Codets or Constitutional Democratic Party I Wanted to create a more democratic government for Russia o 2 Major Bad Decisions I 1 Decided to keep Russia in the war I 2 Decided to stay away from the idea of land reform o The Petrog rad Soviet of Workers and Soldiers Deputies o Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries I Elected Soviets or counsels to represent workers in factories o Happening all over Russia 0 Many saw this as the real government in Russia Russian Revolutionaries Exiles 0 U Lenin 1917 Leader of the Bolsheviks Unlikely revolutionary Education administrator Lenin goes to University to become a lawyer Becomes involved in Revolutionary Politics Joins the Russian Social Democratic Party Exile to Siberia and goes into political exile Emerges as a faction known as the Bolsheviks quotMajority Men OOOOOOOO
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