Lesson 28: Life and Terror in the Soviet Union
Lesson 28: Life and Terror in the Soviet Union Hist 150
Popular in The West in the World
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Monday November 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
Reviews for Lesson 28: Life and Terror in the Soviet Union
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 11/16/15
Lesson 28 Life and Terror in the Soviet Union 0 Turning the country towards more industrialization 0 Going from capitalist to socialist 0 Party wanted to create a new kind of society 5 Year Plans 0 Plans to make the Soviet into and industrial economy By Creating o Railroads 0 Power plants 0 Steel Mills I Coal was crucial in the industry 0 Very opposed towards organized religion 0 Focus on infrastructure and heavy industry 0 At the time they we re not producing a lot of consumer items I EXshoes Role of State Planning 0 quotGosplanquot The State Planning Commission 0 By 1940 the Society Union was the 3rd largest industrial economy I 1 US I 2 Germany I 3 Soviet Union 0 These were the top 3 industrial economies at the time 0 Major huma n cost of the plan 0 Gulag Labor I Network of prison and labor camps I Population of Gulags goes up dramatically I Used for labor on many major construction projects 0 EX The White Sea Canal 0 quot141 Miles of canals 0 quot175000 prisoners used for labor 0 Very basic tools for construction I Hard labor 0 High mortality rate during construction due to working conditions Collectivization of Agriculture 0 Integration of agriculture to create a more socialist economy 0 25 Million small peasant farms 0 Try to have peasants turn over all of their farms and possessions to create one collective fa rm 0 People were fascinated with tractors 0 New scientific approach to agriculture 0 Some people resisted the idea of collectivization 0 Group known as the quotKulaksquot I Wealthy peasant farmers I Kulaks quotTight Fisted Ones I quot35 of all peasants I Depicted as resisting the revolution being a very old and hoarding away all of their goods and money from the rest of society 0 Widespread resistance towards collectivization in the 1930 s I Peasant farmers would kill their animals and burn their crops as opposed to handing their goods over to the state 0 Party sends in troops and secret police to force peasants to participate in collectivization 0 Party responds with mass violence and imprisonment o Took them from their homes and shipped to somewhere else 0 Stalin calculated the human cost and collectivization o quot 10 million people were killed I Included those who died due to the Gulags famine collectivization and deportation 0 Russia sold tons and tons of wheat on the international market despite the fa mine 0 Used money from this to fund industrialization to forward the 5 Year Plan I Many members of the party begin to question many of these policies 0 Creates a sort of crisis with the party and Stalin s leadership 0 The Great Terror I AKA The Great Purge 0 17th Party Congress I Discuss the party I Hold elections 0 Stalin s position was up for reelection o Stalin refuses to budge in his position in office 0 Stalin decides to react 0 Dec 1934 Many Party members were arrested 0 Many members of the party were accused of conspiracy against Stalin 0 Many did n t have any legitimate connections 0 Massive wave of arrests and executions of Stalin s critics and opponents o quot 7 million arrested 0 1 million executed 0 About 3 of the delegates in attendance of the 17th Party Congress were executed