Lesson 29: Hitler and the Nazification of Germany
Lesson 29: Hitler and the Nazification of Germany Hist 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Monday November 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 11/16/15
Lesson 29 Hitler and the Nazi cation of Germany 0 Hitler loved participating in WWI 0 Was not happy with the outcome of the war I Blamed Germany s defeat on Socialists and Jews Weimar Republic 0 Feb 1919 recently elected National Assembly met at Weimar to draw up a constitution for a New Germany 0 Created a democratic republic National Socialist German Worke r s Party The Nazi Party 0 quot3000 members 0 Small rightwing party 0 Hitler tries to seize power through an armed revolution in 1923 o Became known as the Beer Hall Putsch 0 Many arrested and put on trial I Hitler receives a prison sentence of 5 years 0 Only ends up sewing about 9 months 0 While in prison Hitler attempts to reorganize the political party 0 Figures they need to all get elected and gain a majority and then they can seize power The Great Depression starts in 1929 o Germa ny s production dropped 40 o 40 of German workforce was unemployed 0 Lots of political consequences for Germany 0 The political center collapses while the Nazi and Communist Party thrive o Hitler and his party use German patriotism to their advantage and presented themselves as defenders of Germany 0 July 1932 The Nazi Party won about 38 of the vote 0 quot230 seats in the Reichstag o Hitler s party becomes one of the largest parties in Germany 0 Hitler becomes the logical choice to become the next chancellor January 30 1933 o Hitler becomes Reich Chancellor 0 Forms a coalition government 0 His plan has worked The Reichstag Fire 1933 o The German Parliament is set on fire 0 Hitler is convinced that this is an example of the communist party as a seizure of power I Hitler arrests members of his opposition 0 Uses this as a reason to go against the socialists and communists o Hitler presses the Reichstag to give him special powers I The Enabling Act March 1933 o Gives real political power to Hitler o Hitler gained full control of legislation the budget for 4 yea rs and the ability to make amendments to the constitution Hitler s Consolidation of Power 0 Wants control of private home life 0 Own version of quotsepa rate spheres 0 Men Military Politics and Work 0 Women Home and Children I Described reproduction as a battlefield Obsession with Race and Eugenics o Struggle between inferior and superior races 0 The Aryan Race I The most fit and superior I Distinct physical appearance 0 Eugenics I Encouraging the biologically t and intelligent to reproduce I Preventing the less desirable people from reproducing Law for the Reduction of Unemployment 1933 o Bans women from working in factories and mines German Mother s Cross Program 1938 o Took place on Aug 12 on Hitler s mother s birthday 0 Awarded German women with crosses based on how many children they produced Law for the Prevention of Hereditary and Defective Offspring 1933 0 State sponsored program of sterilization 0 Slow learners 0 Depression prone 0 Problems with drugs or alcohol 0 quot200000 Germans were sterilized 0 aka The Hitlerschnitt or the quotHitler Cut 0 A hysterectomy for men The Euthanasia Program 0 Killing those who were incredibly ill or not considered physically t 0 quotMercy Killings as deemed by Hitler 0 Killing methods of this program became the model for the Holocaust
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