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Session 8, Chapter 9 notes

by: Emma Notetaker

Session 8, Chapter 9 notes PSYC 231-DL1

Marketplace > George Mason University > Psychlogy > PSYC 231-DL1 > Session 8 Chapter 9 notes
Emma Notetaker
GPA 3.4
social psychology 231
Professor Tulk

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About this Document

Chapter 9 notes on Group Process with practice quiz at the end
social psychology 231
Professor Tulk
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Notetaker on Monday November 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 231-DL1 at George Mason University taught by Professor Tulk in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see social psychology 231 in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 11/16/15
Session 8 Chapter 9 Group Process Group 2 people who interact because their needs and goals cause them to do so 0 Join group to fulfill basic human needs gain info about ambiguous situations Social rules shared expectations in a group about how people are supposed to behave 0 Philip Zimbardo Stanford Prison experiment 0 most people unable to resist social influences in powerful situations Group Cohesiveness qualities of group that bind members together and promote liking 0 Good tasks require cooperation 0 Bad maintaining good relations is more important than finding good solution Social Facilitation people to do better on simple tasks and worse on complex tasks 0 In presence of others individual performance can be graded 0 Evaluation gt alertness gt arousal gt better on simple Social loafing worse on simple tasks when around others and performance is NOT evaluated 0 opposite of social facilitation 0 Not evaluated gt no apprehension gt relaxation gt worse on simple Deindividuation Loosening of normal constraints on behavior when people can t be identified 0 Deindividuation makes us less accountable gt reduces likelihood of blame o Deindividuation increases obedience to group norms gt decreased self awareness Social Dilemma conflict in which most beneficial action for an individual will actually bring harm on others if most people choose the seemingly beneficial option 0 Public Goods must contribute to common pool in order to maintain public good 0 Commons everyone takes from common pool of goods that will replenish in moderation but disappear if overused Integrative Solution 0 Parties make tradeoffs on issues according to their different interests 0 Each side concedes most on issues unimportant to it but important to other side Quiz Which of the following is not a reason people join groups a Provides information about ambiguous situations b Establishes norms c Fulfills basic human needs d Doesn t have to define who we are It s not the apple but the barrel AND more importantly the a Pnson b Experiment c Barrel makers d Subjects The more cohesive the more likely members are to a Try to recruit differentminded members b Leave the group c Take part in group activities d Try more solo activities If task is the presence of others improves performance a Complex b Lesslearned c Simple d Unknown The presence of others increases a Relaxation b Impaired Performance c Arousal d lnattentiveness When we are anonymous we will do things we wouldn t normally do This is called a Deindividuation b Social loafing c Social dilemma d Commons dilemma


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