Alcohol and Nutrition
Alcohol and Nutrition FDNS 2100
Popular in Human Nutrition and Food
Popular in Nutrition and Food Sciences
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Summer Boone on Tuesday November 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FDNS 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Grossman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Human Nutrition and Food in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 11/17/15
Alcohol & Nutrition Myths and Truths Dietary Guidelines for Americans in 2010 says research shows consuming alcohol in moderation MAY have health benefits for some populations 1 drink a day for women and 2 drinks a day for men May protect against heart disease May be associated with increased cognitive function in aging However, depends on age, number of drinks consumed, and personal characteristics (risk of dependency on alcohol) Greater risks of alcohol associated with young adults that there are benefits Heavy/binge drinking has NO benefits Moderate alcohol consumption may be associated with a reduction of risk for cardiovascular disease only for people over age 50 Can’t always tell if someone is blackout Safe place to stop = 0.05 BAC Everyone metabolizes alcohol differently 1 drink for men = 1 1/3 drinks for women (usually) Always eat before drinking: slows down rate of alcohol moving through bloodstream Complex carbs, protein, and fat work the best Risk of consuming on empty stomach: hypoglycemia SUPER dangerous for diabetics because symptoms of alcohol and symptoms of low blood sugar are very similar, sometimes can’t be told apart BAC Factors Blood Alcohol Concentration: ratio of alcohol to blood in body, measured in grams Affected by: Rate of consumption, gender, body size and composition, empty stomach, illness/tiredness, drugs, medications, stress BAC IN UNAFFECTED BY TOLERANCE Alcohol interferes with ability to get deep sleep Mixing alcohol with stimulants (caffeine, energy drinks, cocaine, etc.): BAC still goes up, you just don’t feel it as much because stimulants masks effects of alcohol Stay awake, keep drinking, don’t feel effects as intense as they are until later BAC of .02 = mentally impaired Drunk texting, drunk dialing, bad decisions Vaporized shots bypass your digestive symptoms, but still have 7 calories per gram Enter bloodstream through the lungs and are still metabolized BAC increases rapidly Effects of overconsumption can be serious Heated vapor may also cause lung damage Using a fake I.D is bad because you get a separate charge 1 charge for underage drinking, 1 charge for fake I.D Alcohol is a diuretic: causes you to excrete water and electrolytes (sodium and potassium) Dehydrates you Alcohol can hinder athletic performance up to 3 days after consuming it Slower reaction time, decreased hand-eye coordination, etc. Gaining weight from drinking Fatty Liver is a buildup of fatty acids in the liver Can occur after binge drinking for a short period of time Body metabolizes alcohol before fats, so fatty acids can build up in the liver Alcohol breaks down into fatty acids Is reversible if you stop drinking Standard Drinks 12 oz of beer (5% alcohol) 4-5 oz wine (12% alcohol) 1.5 oz of 80 proof liquor (40% alcohol) 1 oz of 100 proof liquor Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning Unresponsive Vomiting while passed out Slowed breathing (10 breaths or less per minute) Blue tinged/pale skin (lips/fingertips) Slow heart rate Eyes roll back in head Can’t control how much alcohol you consume with drinking games Set a limit for yourself before you go out Alcohol weakens immune system