Week 7 Lecuture Anthro 161
Week 7 Lecuture Anthro 161 ANTH 161
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janiel Celeena Santos on Tuesday November 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 161 at University of Oregon taught by Baxter D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see World Cultures >2 >IC in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/17/15
Anthro 161 Week 7 Lecture Political Typology o o Q Bands Tribes Chieftens States HuntersGa therers Horticulturalsts Industrialization AgroBuisiness Bands Smallest population of the political typologies Generally practice huntinggathering only supports several hundred people Based on kinship States Modern world the only upper limit to state growth is the amount of food gmwn Must emply a strong form of agriculture Make some use of agricultural intensi cations whether it is fertilization irrigation etc What is a State States typically have populations in hundreds millions Generally removed from kinship Kinship is the primary form of organization but in a state society there are numerous other forces that organize people39s lives Nationalism city or local consciousness ethnic groups Other primary organizing forces in people s lives Don t ignore kinship ln Moder state kinship can still be a big in uence Political power entrenched and bureaucratized Political instituitions that run the state continue carrying out the work even if something happens to the head of state Challanging the State Nonstate actors have been growing increasingly Terrorism is a nonstate actor States have dif culty responding to terrorist organizaiotns because they are not states Nonstate Actors O Organized by separate principals o Organized around the concept of protecting states from other states 0 Growth of militant nonstate actors has been a dif cult problem for states Maasai Traditional cultural group in Tanzania Largely avoided modernization and integration with the state Have maintained their traditional cultural values along with traditional pastoral economic practices Maasai often face discrimination and other problems in maintaining their lifestyle Maasai created NGOs to get support for their case Joined with other indigenous organizations Have had some success Kayapo Mixed economy light horticulture and gatheringhunting IndiansAmazon Rain Forest Brazil Small villages along nearby rivers Tension between villages and sometimes raiding Late 198039s Kayapo see evidence of activity near the Xingu River Will ood the valley Organize to resist the construction of the dam attend a reuni cation of the tribes at Altamirathe proposed site of a massive hydroelectric dam that will ood large parts of the Xingu valley Pavakan oroanizes Hundreds of Indians make the 400mile trekattend Pleads case to the Electronorte board Media Event with Sting attending World Bank loan cancelled