11.17.15 notes Rel 150
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jared Notetaker on Tuesday November 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 150 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Giandomencio in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Exploring Christianity in Religious Studies at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 11/17/15
New England Colonies 11172015 Religious Motives v Money Puritans or very religious protestants known as o Calvinists rejected Catholicism Roman Catholic religion Were known as Separatists and or Pilgrims 1620 Established Plymouth Colony in America Social Aspects o Traveled in Familiestight community 0 Very religiousintolerant of differences 0 Small population grows to 300 after 10 years 0 Literacy important Plymouth 0 Small Landholdings 0 Strong work ethic o Workreigious piety Political 0 Male dominated 0 Election of governor o Believed in equality for males with property and if they were religious Massachusetts Bay Colony 0 Another Puritan community Very religious o Winthrop wanted to create a holy model of purity quotCity upon a hillquot as an example to all 0 All adult free men part of a Puritan congregation church members could vote 0 Town hall meetings used to discuss and vote on local matters Puritan Values 0 Puritans believed hard work was the way to salvation o Puritans created the rst universities in colonies 0 To educate the clergy o 1636 Harvard 0 Rhode Island 16005 0 Dissented with Puritans Massachusetts Bay Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island A place for Religious tolerance Jews and Catholics 0 Maryland 1634 0 English King gave Lord Baltimore land 0 Refuge for Catholics o Calvert was a catholic that allowed Catholics to move quotCatholic refugequot but still a minority mostly protestants o 1649 Act of Toleration or quotAct Concerning Religionquot Calverts persuaded the Assembly to adopt a law of religious toleration but only for Christians 0 Pennsylvania 1681 o Proprietary Colony William Penn refuge for Quakers quotSociety of Friendsquot 0 Beliefs Equality gender as well No kneeling No Oaths Paci sts Antiviolence OOOO Plain clothes 0 Large Colony 0 Freedom of Worship 0 Diverse population German Swedes Fins o Elected assembly to help govern o Friendly relations with Indians Diversity of Religions Religious pluralism English Religion Protestants Pur ans Quakers Roman Catholics Religious freedom generally Problem still Sectarian Hostility against Catholics and Jews The First Great Awakening 17305 17405 Great Awakening o Awakening to religion Refers to reviving religious beliefs Stated man is not helpless in achieving regeneration his will can be effective force in his being saved Characteristics 0 Evangelism Strong energetic preachers o Sermons emphasized starting new relationship with GOD o Jonathon Edwards famous evangelist of the rst Great Awakening Evangelicalism Premise Conversion quotnew birthquot Puritans public profession 0 17305 405 Awakenings o Colonies England Wales Scotland 0 Mass Conversions open air preaching of the World 0 Split churches quotNew Lights New Sidequot vs quotOld Lights Old Sidequot Southern Course of Awakening o Presbyterians in N Virginia Baptists separate Congregationalists in New England Connecticut expands to Separate Baptists in N Carolina 0 From 6000 to 20000 in 3 years foundation of Southern Baptists Baptists o In America since 17th century Galvanized by Great Awakening 3 W s White eld EdWards Wesley George White eld 17141770 In 1738 made 1st of 7 visits to the America Ordained Anglican quotGreat ltinerantquot Member of Wesley s Oxford quotHoly Clubquot Popular as G Washington Huge Crowds 30000