Popular in American History since 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindley on Tuesday November 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1020 at Clemson University taught by Rod Andrew in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see American History since 1865 in History at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 11/17/15
ll7 Reagan continued Particularly w SDI Soviets realized they couldn t keep up w American defense spending New Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev Saw the Soviet economy was in shambles and needed modernization Drastically cut the Soviet military budget and started bringing market reforms into the Communist system bringing some aspects of Capitalism Also accepted more political dissent Reagan senses Gorbachev was a different kind of Soviet leader In 1986 they met in Iceland and Reagan suggested that both countries immediately eliminate all of their nuclear weapons Signed the most important arms reduction treaty since the beginning of the Cold War the INF Treaty Eliminated an entire class of nuclear missiles and brought about the principle of trust but verify Soviets agreed to onsite inspections of bases to make sure the missiles were being destroyed to verify Reagan was tougher on the Russians than any other President and the Soviets started backing away from the Cold War The Soviet Union broke apart into numerous republics the Soviets allowed the countries they ruled to run their own affairs and the Berlin Wall came down Around 1990 the Cold War was over Legacies of Reagan s presidency American economy was rebuilt However national debt grew tremendously bc he wanted to cut taxes spending National defense was rebuilt US military emerged w better equipmenttraining moral and discipline had recovered The Cold War ended National confidence was restored Lots of scandals SNL scandal irresponsible loans and investments under the FDIC the gov t had to reimburse citizens and IranContra Affair his opponents were very frustrated bc they could never pin anything on him and began calling him the Te on President BushClintonBush Election of 1988 Reagans VP George HW Bush Lots of Bush s opponents called him a wimp Democrats insisted that taxes needed to be raised to combat the debt giving Bush a chance to show he wasn t a wimp At the Republican convention Bush got tougher Read my lips no new taxes One of the key issues was the federal deficit and the major spread of cocaine addiction particularly in the form of crack Bush decided to make the War on Drugs his key domestic priority Panama was ruled by a dictator Manuel Noriega whose power and money came from drug smuggling gun runningmoney laundering he declared war on US 1989 and Bush ordered an invasion of Panama Persian Gulf War Operation Desert ShieldStorm In August 1990 Saddam Hussein s dictator of Iraq army invaded Kuwait and UN security council condemned this invasion and Bush vowed that this will not stand condemned this naked invasion Sent troops and aircraft to defend Saudi Arabia and this was called Operation Desert Shield a defensive By early November Bush announced he was going to increase the of troops so that we would have an offensive ability to expel the Iraqis from Kuwait causing a urry of debate in Congress Bush s decision was strengthened when the UN authorized the use of force to expel the Iraqis if they didn t leave by January 1991 On January 12 1991 Congress authorized Bush to use force to liberate Kuwait On January 16 1991 we began a massive bombing on Iraqis troops and this is when it became Operation Desert Storm an offensive operation Saddam expected an amphibious landing so he turned his defensive East and on February 24 1991 the marines went on head front and the army went all the way around to cut off the Iraqis Lasted 4 days and Kuwait was liberated from Iraqis control Colin Powell highest ranking military of cer in the country African America Had an argument about strategic doctrine Powell doctrine which says that if the US intervenes w military force we should only do so w overwhelming force we should have limited speci c goals and then get out quickly Norman Schwarzkopf Army general who was in command of Allied Forces in the Persian Gulf War Important things about Persian Gulf War 1 2 3 L11 No one knew this war would be so easy 137 American casualties Showed the overwhelming superiority of the American military especially now that the Soviet Union was no longer a threat Gave the American public some unrealistic expectations about how easy war should be Short term there was a massive surge in patriotism and national pride Long term the results were disappointing Saddam remained in power Bush gave in to Democratic pressure to raise taxes to deal w the de cit and he was ridiculed Election of 1992 Bush was challenged by Bill Clinton and Ross Perot billionaire who started his own independent party Bush might have won if Perot was not in the election Clinton had his own problems chronic adulterer ip opper but he was very charismatic likeable and smart by keeping the focus on economy It s the economy stupid Clinton won but without the majority of the popular vote Clinton s presidency began w a very liberal direction First proposed a tax increase with a spending cut Also proposed a universal healthcare plan and put his wife Hilary in charge of that which turned out to be a disaster refused to accept any changes so she couldn t build a coalition Tried to push through full acceptance of gays in the military Don t ask don t tell policy In the midterm elections of 1994 Republicans won a massive sweep in Congress Republican Revolution and under the leadership of Congressman Newt Gingrich the Republican advertised a platform called Contract with America Promised to end welfare cut taxes stop gun control give more power autonomy to the states institute term limits and clean up the corruption in Washington Convinced Clinton to move to the middle and coopt on many of their programs Besides ending welfare the Republicans failed to enact most of their Contract w America Overall America was prosperous and at peace during Clinton s presidency However there were several terrorist attacks Also many financial scandals Whitewater as governor he invested in a real estate project which turned out to be a fraud and his wife has handled some of the legal transactions so Kenneth Starr a Republican was appointed to investigate these dealings in Arkansas leading him to info about Paula Jones leading him to Monica Lewinsky affair I did not have seX w that women and in December the House voted to impeach Clinton on perjury and obstruction of justice but the Senate acquitted Clinton His behavior also Nixon and Reagan led to a Constitutional test Americans caring less and less threats to the rule of law Disgusted w his personal behavior but thought he was doing a good job