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Historical Background

by: Giovanna Gonzalez

Historical Background INR2001

Giovanna Gonzalez
GPA 2.5
Introduction to International Relations
Naisy Sarduy

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Introduction to International Relations
Naisy Sarduy
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Giovanna Gonzalez on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at Florida International University taught by Naisy Sarduy in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS at Florida International University.

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Date Created: 01/30/15
Historical Overview The English school concerned with order Headley Bull 19321985 International Society A society of states that eXists between the quotHobbesian pure realistquot conception of quotwar of all against allquot and idealistic notion of quotworld governmentquot Society based on some level of common interest survival which generates rules institutions and practice Hobbs says states will never give up sovereignty Common culture language assist mutual understanding and the development of common rules and institutions Criticism what of those beyond this society north of the wall Contemporary international society is associated with the EUROPEAN STATE SYSTEM State as an independent actor Sovereign Legally equal to all states Nonintervention in domestic affairs European state system centuries in the making Monarchs establish power over the church and local barons Develop centralized military Professional diplomatic service Discovery of the Americas and expansion of trade routes to Asia Expansion of international law Dealing with indigenous populations Law of the sea laws of trade and commerce etc Treaty of Utrecht 1773 formally incorporates the idea of balance of power Balance of power how states join alliances with one another French Revolution Getting the average person the same power as the higher class Sovereignty based on the nation not the monarch Nations defined by linguistic ethnic cultural bonds Engenders idea of quotnational selfdeterminationquot Concert of Europe 18151914 Led by Great Powers Austria Russia Prussia Britain To keep the balance of power Provides some stability of Europe BUT Legitimizes domination of Asia and Africa ENDS WITH WWl Concert of Europe 18151914 Led by Great Powers Austria Russia Prussia Britain To keep the balance of power Provides some stability of Europe BUT Legitimizes domination of Asia and Africa ENDS WITH WW1 Post WW1 Russian Revolution end of the empire What replaces the Russian empire The Russians are opposed to the idea of the empire Replaced by soviet union Ideology COMMUNISM Collapse of the AstroHungarian Empire post WW1 Germanys territorial losses The ottoman empire NationState system in the middle east Iraq Jordan Syria Lebanon later Israel Palestine League of Nations First attempt to enshrine the key rules and norms of international society To embody principle of collective security instead of balance of power All states agree in advance to unite against any act of aggression Idea of worldwide membership Post WW2 Era 19451990 United Nations is it still a concert of great powers Security council 5 members with veto power Russia US France China Great Britain 5 members Victors of WW2 Decolonization between 19471980 49 territories get their independence The COLD WAR At the end of WW2 two powers US and Soviet Union Nuclear weapon US has What starts the cold war US RESPONSE TO COMMUNISM Containment from Truman Reagan the US is going to support those states against uprisings which are allied to foreign powers Marshall plan NATO 1949 an attack on one NATO member is an attack on all Soviet response 1954 Warsaw Pact


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