Week Twelve Notes
Popular in Systems and Theories
Popular in Psychlogy
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Gibson on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 4150 at Clemson University taught by Edwin Brainerd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Systems and Theories in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
● Behaviorism is divided up into three periods ○ Watsonian behaviorism ○ Neobehaviorism ○ Sociobehaviorism ● Operationalism says we basically define our terms by the operations that are used to construct them ● Skinner went to Hamilton College and got in a lot of trouble there ○ He graduated and had submitted some stuff to Robert Frost ○ Frost encouraged Skinner to write ○ So Skinner decides to pursue a writing career ○ He goes to Greenwich Village in NY ○ Skinner refers to these two years as the dark years and really couldn’t write anything ○ “I guess I just didn’t have anything to say” ○ So he gives up on writing ○ Skinner is depressed about this ○ But he does read Pavlov and Watson’s works ○ So Skinner goes to Harvard and becomes a graduate student there ○ He gets a degree in 1931 and starts to do a little teaching at Harvard ○ He goes to several other universities ○ He begins his thesis on behavior with “The Behavior of Organisms” ○ This basically lays out the behavioral point of view he holds ○ He has to publish this book at his own expense and this book was definitely not a best seller ○ Creates his operant conditioning chamber ■ Skinner wanted people to call it an operant conditioning chamber but it is called the Skinner Box ■ Basically a metal and plexiglass box that was built appropriate to the size of the animal ■ There were even human Skinner boxes ■ These allowed for easy clean up of feces ■ They could provide food to the animal inside so they could study behavior and reinforcement