SPMGT 365 - One Week of Notes (1-27/1-29)
SPMGT 365 - One Week of Notes (1-27/1-29) SPMGT 365
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Smith on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPMGT 365 at Washington State University taught by Scott Jedlicka in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see Ethics and Moral Reason in Sport in Physical Education at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
SPMGT 365 One week of notes 127 virtue ethics consequentialism endsfocused theories of ethical behavior 0 outcomes determine what is moral deontological ethics duty or actbased theories 0 quotrightquot action can be determined by looking at the intentions andor cause of our actions 0 are these supposed to guide behavior or allow us to judge it Rejects or transcends the idea of looking at cause and effect in thinking about ethics Consequentialismdeontology o What should I do Virtue ethics 0 What kind of person should I be What is a virtue Character trait a disposition 0 Examples What does it mean to be virtuous How can we tell if someone is virtuous Virtue and virtuosity 0 Very complex o If we consider 39kindness a virtue being 39kind is more than Not being cruel to others Being nice to others 0 Linked to beliefs and how they are re ected in reasons used to support choices 0 Act kindly v being kind Virtuositya matter of degree 0 Not an allor nothing proposition 0 Nobody s perfect Fullperfect virtue very rare and difficult to attain Continence strength of will 0 Idea that we can act virtuously while still being internally con icted o Tempted to act selfisth or badly but sti choose virtuous act Is it ok to just quottryquot 0 That depends o Circumstances prevent you from acting virtuoust might be ok 0 Character aw not justi able The ideas of virtue and of being virtuous are very much rooted in the philosophy of ancient Greece particularly Aristotle o Concerned w 39ful lling one s potential 0 Ar te excellence or virtue o Phronesis practical wisdom or prudence o Eudaimonia Human ourishing Phronesis Gives us the ability to act wisely on our virtuous impulses o A fusion of emotional reaction and rational thinking 0 The ability and obligation to know better or to do the right thing Comes from 0 Experience 0 Correct assessment of a situation 0 Remember still linked to a virtuous impulsemotivation Eudaimonia o A virtuous life 0 Possessing virtue enables one to achieve a welllived life 0 This is the general consensus ie living virtuously l eudaimonia 0 But is it quotthe journeyquot or quotthe destinationquot 0 Also this still leaves fuzziness in terms of how to conceive of virtue challenges for virtue ethics 0 no way to apply it usefully 0 Unlike consequentialism or deontology very vague on what to do in a given situation aside from using phronesis o Moral exemplars ie what would do in this situation 0 quotvrulesquot can operationalize virtue ethics into guides our actionsdecision simply by adjusting syntax instead of quotbe an honest personquot quotdo what is honestquot or quotact honestlyquot following these doesn t necessarily make one virtuous only attempts to resolve the application problem 0 con icts among virtues only apparent phronesis can help us know what to do 0 the motive issue ie the selfeffacing problem 0 a problem for deontology and consequentialism not as much for virtue ethics 0 the justi cation problem metaethics o if being ethical being virtuous which character traits are virtues s being virtuous really just being sel sh o If perfect virtue means acting wo inner con ict then if I act virtuously I m really just doing what 1 want to do 0 Isn t it more noble to struggle w a choice and then choose to do the right thing 0 Not that simple think back to the idea of virtues being complex A person can want to be virtuous for other regarding reasons Psychological research suggests character traits do not really exist in way virtue ethicists assume they do 0 Very difficult to observe traits over short period or in controlled setting 0 Relavitism again 0 Can t escape our own social contextualized understanding of virtue 0 Interpretation v quotreal virtuequot 0 As mentioned last time relativsim can be explanatory but not very helpful in normative sense Virtue ethics relative to other 2 theories is concerned less w moral actions and more w moral existence We should try to be ethical people rather than just act ethically 12915 basic argumentative structure 0 premise premise conclusion 0 can you think about this in terms of objectivesubjectivenormative statements premises statements assertions propositions can be assessed in terms of their accuracy or relative truth 0 easy to see how objective statements are easier to evaluate than the value statements we are compelled to use in making normative arguments 0 when objectivity is often prized in argumentation an appeal to an quotobjective truthquot is sometimes used to support or undercut a premise conclusions derivative of the premises usually 0 if not the argument won t make sense 0 ex p1 roses are red p2 violets are blue c the seahawks are the best team in the NFL 0 can also be assessed in terms of accuracy or truth ie Empirically veri ed again depends on type of conclusion inference leap from premise to conclusion sometimes called reasoning or quotthoughtquot process assessed NOT in terms of truth or accuracy but in terms of validity 0 whether we have quotreasoned correctlyquot from premises to conclusion 0 only partially related to the accuracy of our premises and conclusion truth and validity only consistent link bt truth and validity is that we cannot combine true premises w a false conclusion and have a valid argument p1 cat is a mammal p2 cougar is a cat c cougar is not a mammal this argument is invalid bc we have reasoned incorrectly true premises suggest that a cougar is a mammal true premises false conclusion is only situation in which we can always expect an invalid argument ethical theories deontological template