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Chapter 3 part 1

by: Kathleen Welling

Chapter 3 part 1 Com 212

Kathleen Welling
GPA 3.88
Approaches to the Study of Interpersonal Communication
Douglas Edward Pruim

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About this Document

Beginning of Chapter 3 :)
Approaches to the Study of Interpersonal Communication
Douglas Edward Pruim
One Day of Notes
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Kathleen Welling on Friday January 30, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to Com 212 at Purdue University taught by Douglas Edward Pruim in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Approaches to the Study of Interpersonal Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Purdue University.

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Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications


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Date Created: 01/30/15
Chapter 3 Nonverbal Communication Nonverbal communication came before language It is very important Nonverbal usually initiates verbal eye contact handshake wave etc People especially competent at reading others nonverbal messages are labeled intuitive and those who send more nonverbals are called expressive What is nonverbal Communication We can t call every nonverbal act communication because it becomes to vague and loses its meaning So 3 conditions are attached to nonverbal behaviors before they are considered acts of communication 1 Perceived consciously by either the sender or the receiver 2 Intended as a message by the sender 3 Interpreted by the receiver as intended Spontaneous Communication refers to a sender s nonvoluntary display of inner emotional states and a receiver s direct and immediate sensory awareness of those states Biological based system that we share with other animals a re ection of our inner emotions When we get happy so we smile unintentionally Symbolic Communication involves the use of arbitrary symbols socially defined and intended to convey specific messages Language is the obvious one but it is not nonverbal Nonverbal ones include the puppy dog face or intentionally putting on a happy face for something Aspects of nonverbal codes that make them so powerful 1 Nonverbal codes are frequently given more credence and are more trusted than verbal forms of communication 2 Nonverbal codes are more emotionally powerful 3 Nonverbal codes while in uenced by culture do express more universal meaning Happiness anger disgust fear surprise and sadness are all UNIVERSAL expressions 4 Nonverbal codes are continuous and natural 5 Nonverbal codes occur in clusters Functions of Nonverbal Codes 1 Express meaning in and of themselves How we feel about other people and how we see ourselves in relationship to them There are three dimensions of feeling 0 Liking or disliking 0 Status how important or in uential we think we are in relation to others 0 Responsiveness how aware we are of the other person and what level of involvement we feel with him or her 2 Modify verbal messages Some nonverbals stand on their own but some work in conjunction with verbal messages 0 Complementing nonverbal elaboration of the verbal message o Repeating nonverbally to help get the message across saying yes and nodding head 0 Substituting a cold stare instead of saying quotnoquot 0 Contradicting Yeah I ve got plenty of time keeps looking at watch wont sit down 3 Regulate the ow of interaction Nonverbal control the smoothness of taking turns avoiding long pauses changing topics and signaling when it is over Nonverbal communication must be seen as three interlocking systems visual auditory and invisible communication systems Visual comm System codes of proxemics use of space kinesics gestures body movement face behavior and artifacts physical appearance clothing accessories Auditory comm System vocalics or paralinguistics Invisible comm System chronemics use of time olfactics smell and haptics touch or tactile powerful but less easily detected codes


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