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WEEK 12 Notes

by: Nangesian Lekilit Waters

WEEK 12 Notes Anth 1002( Grinker, Social Anthropology)

Nangesian Lekilit Waters
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Prof. Grinker

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Professor lecture notes
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Prof. Grinker
Class Notes
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nangesian Lekilit Waters on Wednesday November 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 1002( Grinker, Social Anthropology) at George Washington University taught by Prof. Grinker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 11/18/15
WEEK 12 Nov 16 2015 Marx o The devil and Commodity Fetichism o studying industrialized societies 0 how do you apply that to other societies 0 Preface if we want to understand human histo we can do so not by looking at ideas but analizing the underlying structures of societies we dont choose which society we39re born into in order to understand society we have to understand how that order is imposed upon us he was an evolutionists who saw history as changing history is the movement from one set of production to another in every society there are different levels of structure you can distinguish each society by their structures 0 economic and super stru ideologies laws philosophies 0 our consciousness comes from underlying force which is economics material relations of productions 0 he was interested in how societies stayed together Durkheim distinction between science and religion was crucial how was it possible that people stayed together with society more secular how does society stay together in that matter 0 Marx looks at it differently interested in lack of consensus friction between forces and relations of production saw that contradiction as the engine of history MarxquotIt39s not the consciousness of men that determines their existence but the existence of men that determines that consciousnessquot o superstructure change history is defined by classes that39s how society changes in moods when you have one stage it doesn39t move slowlyit takes over the other stage products aren39t distributed equally conflict occurs between production cos of exploitation and inequality in a certain stage a small group get most of the power the Bourgeoisie will eventually collapse quotthey forge the weapon that it brings to itselfquot communismzthere are no more classes have to distinguish between econ structures and ideological form by which men become conscious of this conflict and fight it out o marx turned Hegel on his headwhat does that mean his intellect was different from Hegel Hegel believed that ethics determined ones existence to the world he completely reversed Hegel39s idealism quotreligion is the opiate of the massesquot he39s actually the least critical of religion 0 didnt mean the masses are oblivious or unaware when he said this 0 opium pain killer during his time people find comfort in religionhe didn39t mean it negatively 0 Def value and exchange value 0 fetishism of commodities o commodity fetishism 0 value in money to mask things 0 how we find value in a 0 like ads quotmoney is freedomquot 0 but no one has enough money ever 0 inequalities in wealth led to malevolent actions Nov 18 2015 CAPITALISM o in a system of politics and governance in which India has ultimate value the person is often designified or devalued 0 Mitchell Foucaultwith the rise of capitalism bodies are ordered thru clothing organization and stripped of their wholeness o capitalism changes the way we think and rep ourselves o Marx was aware of this because he was very poor Use verses exchange value 0 use value one39s land use 0 exchange value oney barren non reproductioinve is the belief in the devil commodity fetishism o commodity fet is a quotwesternquot construct so we shouldn39t expect to see it in Cauca valley as identical to what marx saw in England Marx o fetishism of commodity o capitalist society is an abstract society that consumes human bodies 0 fetishism of comm is fetishism of the invisible the immaterial o fetishism had been a term of abuse used by europeans who traded in Africa 0 he didn39t object to fetishism only a certain kind 0 a particular form of feti emerged in industrial society was his concern Pawnshops 0 shops stripped the object of its attachment history memory desire family 0 for tailors and seamstresses wrinkles and worn patches were called memories 0 for commercial exchange every memory was a devaluation of the commodity CAPITALISM 0 private profit and ownership o freedom from state LC sanctity and individual rights yet depersonalized market operates in its ownor humans have little agency to influence it free market late capitalismchanges a more flexible and service econ that we have now Neoliberalism refers to certain aspects of capitalism how it affects us how we think of ourselves deregulation structural adjustment associated with development agencies ie world bank 0 adjustments made to econ to develop an econ capitalism and private control of the econ Neoliberal and Neoliberalism econ reform policies often known as DLPderegulation liberalization privatization market exchange is an ethic itself guiding human action a mode of governanceself regulating free market based on competition and self interest 0 this is the model for good government Late capitalism v neoliberalism a descriptive marker of organizational changes in capitalism deindustrialization flexible work forms a relatively neutral term Neoliberalism normative vision of the relations between state capital property indiv a political agenda ideologically charged critique of modes of governance valuing India entrepreneurs over states39 redistributive Neoliberalism the literature on it can be divided into two areas critique of structural adjustment retrenchment of welfare state privatization of public services Foucault inspired analysis of how quotgovernmentalityquot shares subjectivities knowledge in lien with individualism and market compe Timothy Mitchell


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