IARC Week 8 Lecture Notes
IARC Week 8 Lecture Notes 204
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabella Stephens on Wednesday November 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 204 at University of Oregon taught by Ahn K in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Under Contemp Inter in Art at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/18/15
NOVEMBER 16 LECTURE NOTES: • goals of interior design = to achieve aesthetics, to fulﬁll intended function of space • function means what the space is meant to be used for, what the needs of the users will be, and human health safety and welfare human factor is a primary concern in function of space • • areas of human factors that inﬂuence the relationship between people and spaces -physical/physiological -behavioral/social (amount of space people maintain for themselves, changes w/ different social circumstances) -psychological/perceptual -cultural (proxemics, housing, public vs. private) • ﬁve aspects of ergonomics: safety, comfort, easy of use, productivity/performance, aesthetics PHYSICAL/PHYSIOLOGICAL: • anthropometrics - the study of the human body as a proportional system rather than a functional system -collection and analysis of data about bodies -percentiles mean the population that has the same size body or smaller than average -the average man fallacy: an error in the application of data to assume that the 50% tile dimensions represent the measurements of an “average man” and to create a design to accommodate 50% tile data -you should use smaller people when deciding reach heights -you should use larger people when deciding how big things need to be for clearance dimensions -chairs that cut under the thigh can create long term problems so you need to design chairs that don’t jab into the back of your knee • biomechanics - study of mechanical motion in biological systems -amount of physical stress a job produces can be determined by: the posture a worker must assume to do their job, the force needed to perform the task and the # of reps of a stressful task PSYCHOLOGICAL/PERCEPTUAL: • gestalt theory: perception is not a response to individual bits of info but to a ﬁeld of interrelated data -human perception actively structures its environment rather than simply reacting to it HUMAN BEHAVIORS AND ENVIRONMENTS: • territoriality - the behavioral pattern associated with the defense of a territory -its understood as a defensible space (sense of ownership and sense of control) -physical territory and social territory • personal safety: people need help in identifying possible environmental hazards even though they are not obvious • sense of belonging: friendship, group membership and communications (social contact as a human desire: functional proximity rather than physical distance) - different types of groups = small, large, social centers • cue searching (personal safety, ﬁnding your way) • personal space: invisible comfort zone surrounding a person. • proxemics: the study of spatial distances between people in different situations - intimate = 0-18” -personal = 18”-4’ -social = 4-12’ -public = 12-25’
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