Week2HuntersGatherers.pdf ANTH 330
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amrita Gupta on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 330 at University of Oregon taught by Dr. Lawrence Sugiyama in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Hunters & Gatherers in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
11415 19th and 20th century scientists believed that all human societies progress through the same stages 0 Distorted idea of evolution that social evolution runs the same processes as biological 0 Unilineal 0 False idea that all societies evolve the same way 0 Three ages 0 Age of savagery fire very early humans 0 Age of barbarism pottery iron basic tools 0 Civilization writing language 0 Viewed huntergatherers as lower living fossils o Imposed a European standard of civilization eX monogamy superior to polygamy monotheism superior to polytheism 0 Few materials possessions viewed as huntergatherers being intellectually incapable couldn t progress or develop technology Problems with these ideas 0 Evolution does not equal progressive 0 Cultural evolution is not the same as biological 0 Evolution is not linear 0 Racist and eurocentric Positive contributions 0 Lots of ethnographic data 0 Ethnography the study ofrecording of human cultures 0 Data focused on kinship social organization Mid20th century focus shifts to environmentsubsistence activities 0 Huntergatherers no longer viewed as inferiorevolutionary failures 0 Instead viewed as highly intelligent ecologists 0 Marshall Stahling original af uent society 0 Romanticized view Late 60s and 70s people dissatisfied with the government attitudes toward social structure change 0 Vietnam war 0 Environmental degredation 0 Feminism 0 Agriculture no longer considered a great benefit Studies in 80s contradicted original af uent society idea 0 Huntergatherers restrict productivity 0 Overproduction depletion of local resource base 0 Foraging during certain times of day was taxing especially for womenchildren Modern huntergatherers have dramatic weightnutrition uctuation lower fertibility Modern huntergatherers are not living fossils There are no pure huntergatherer societies that exist today Huntergatherers aren t as impacted by anthropologists as people once thought
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