Anthropology Notes 3/31/16 Exam 3
Anthropology Notes 3/31/16 Exam 3 2597
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2597 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Ehrensal in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
Sexuality and Gender Sexual Orientation and GenderIdentity -“hetero-normality”= male and female genders - Biology vs. Culture -Bonobo Chimpanzees (higher primates, closest in biology to humans) Sexual Orientation -Habitual sexual attraction to and sexual activities with other persons -meanings of sexual orientation are socially ascribed Gender Identity -persons sense of identification with male or female -in many societies there is a possibility of a 3 gender SocialDefinition ofSexual Orientation -Ancient Greece: could only have true relationship with another man -Berdache/Hijra: 3 gender (transgender and biologically 1 and soul of other) -Etoro of Papua New Guinea -very remote and isolated -gender segregated society (separate villages) -horticulturalists -only 80 days/year it’s safe to have sex -sex is supernaturally dangerous -believe men have finite semen -don’t believe men produce semen, “ritualized homosexuality” -obtain needed semen orally -Afghanistan “Boy Players” -women aren’t out in society, kept in the house -places with music and entertainment for men -boys who haven’t matured sing, dance, and are dressed ambiguously -men take the boys to have sex -Contemporary US culture -views towards sex and sexuality change over time Changing Views of What is Sexy Burt Reynolds in 1972 vs. male models now “Race”and Ethnicity -racial classification -focus on phenotypes of groups Ethnic Groups -asocial category based on a marked characteristic (appearance, language, lifestyle, religion) -share certain beliefs, values, habits, customs, and norms -define themselves as different and special because of some cultural features -belonging to a particular ethnic group may lead to differential status Ethnicity -Identification with and feeling part of an ethnic group and exclusion from certain other groups because of that affiliation Situational Negotiation of Social Identity -most individuals are ‘multi-dimensional’ when it comes to elements of social stratification and identity -many elements are ambiguous -“presentation of self”