Week 3 Notes SOC 101
Week 3 Notes SOC 101 SOC 101 Whitaker - Intro to Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Natzke on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 Whitaker - Intro to Sociology at Arizona State University taught by Whitaker in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 349 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
Module 11 Development of Culture around the World introducing of a new idea or object into a culture sharing newly found knowledge with other people when existing cultural items combine to form something that previously didn t exist when a cultural item spreads through social groups or societies primarily through tourism and mass media McDonaldization of society how the principles of American fastfood restaurants have come to dominate different sectors of other societies ex how hair salons and medical clinics started taking walkins shows melding of cultures coined by George Ritzer when a company pays attention to local culture globalization can succeed Some believe that globalization benefits wealthier countries only at the expense of less developed ones it is also believed that people lose their traditional values from globalization and begin to identify with the culture of dominant na ons Case study with Walmart Walmart has an income bigger than some countries and to suffice doesn t pay its clerks well Women are hardly at manager positions Walmarts are generally fit for America which disappointed people in other countries when it spread The result was Walmart made adjustments in specific areas to better fit their customs cultural information about the ways in which the material resources of an environment may be used to satisfy human needs and deskes William F Ogm physical or technological aspects of our every day lives ways of using material objects customs beliefs philosophies governments and patterns of communication occur when a society s culture doesn t keep up with the changes in its material culture Module 12 a culture that exists within a larger dominant culture a specialized language that distinguishes the subculture from the wider society ex how skateboarders call a jump an ollie callcenter workers in india have formed a subculture because of theirAmerican schedules and habits required by the companies functionalists view subcultures as variations of particular social environments as evidence that differences can exist within a common culture conflict theorists suggest that variations often reflect the inequality of social arrangements within a society they suggest that issues such as race or feminism are formed when the dominant society fails to suppress they also suggest that subcultures are sometimes created as the result of the dominant society failing to suppress a practice like the use of drugs when a subculture openly opposes certain aspects of the larger culture when someone feels disoriented uncertain out of place or even fearful in an unfamiliar culture two languages in a particular setting and treating each one as equally legitimate language and languageoriented cultural areas both unify and divide na ons 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act ESEA provided for bilingual education today bilingual education is considered a burden in most school districts English is declared the official language in only 31 states
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