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Sociology chapter 12

by: Caoimhe Notetaker

Sociology chapter 12 SOCI 2010

Marketplace > Tulane University > Sociology > SOCI 2010 > Sociology chapter 12
Caoimhe Notetaker
GPA 3.7
Foundations of Sociology
David Maddox

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About this Document

Gender and sexuality
Foundations of Sociology
David Maddox
Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Wednesday November 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 2010 at Tulane University taught by David Maddox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Sociology in Sociology at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 11/18/15
Chapter 12 Gender and sexuality 11122015 0 Gender difference are often exaggerated Sex is a biological matter 0 lntersex individuals are born with some de ning characteristics of each sex Testosterone higher generally in men encourages aggression and dominance seeking behavior 0 Changes in social environment can also change hormone levels athletics Sociologists focus on the ways social forces create differences between men and womens behavior preferences treatment and opportunities and the characteristics of menwomen that re ect these forcesl socially constructed 0 Gender system in which men systematically have more power pat archy Transgendered individuals assigned one sex category at birth based on anatomical criteria but identify with the other category 0 Sex and gender are not binaries Gender is constructed through socialization Girls are increasingly given access to quotboysquot realms but boys are not given access to girls realms Gender differences vary across location and time Gendertypical behavior is more likely when people are being watched Women are believed to face LESS social pressure to act feminine than men are to act masculine When masculinity is questionedthreatened men tend to over compensate Biggest change for women is the increase of women in paid work force 0 Rose dramatically between 19621990 then plateaued 0 Due to economic changes more service jobs more need for dualearners More women than men obtain degrees re ect girls liking school more studying harder and getting higher grades in elementary and HS Fewer discipline issues less crime involvement 0 Women may negotiate less strongly for pay 0 People pay women less based on biased assumptions that jobs done by women must be easier 0 Since 19705 married men began spending more time with family Roles expanded to include traditionally female roles 0 Biggest impact on men was changing roles of women 0 Women were more apt to leave unhappy marriages Women moved into mae elds but men did not cover womens jobs Men in traditionally women elds do not face stigma like women in men s elds do Rich get richer poor get poorer since 1973 Men are judge more than women on what they earn Sexually attractionbehavior are effected by biology and social construction 0 What is attractive o What is appropriate sexual behavior Sexual orientation who you are attracted to is a continuum Attraction behavior and identity are not always consistent Genes have some in uence over orientation Males of surviving children increase with sex and sexual partners may in uence the increased casual sexua interactions men have Double standard for appropriate behavior Hormones and socialization effect sexual behavior Sexual minority not heterosexual heternormativity Norma straight heterosexismhomophobia Many recent positives changes for sexual minorities DOMA same sex partners have same rights are heterosexual couples Gender equality in sexual relationship contraception Higher change of orgasm in relationships especially for women


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