3/24 notes APY204
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Notetaker on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APY204 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Everett in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Linguistic Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
3/24/2016 Reify things linguistically o Creating concepts o Making things real o New words reify things Minor effects on color words, # words… o Someone had to invent the words o Word for 6, blue, etc.… We invent labels that are transient concepts in the minds of some… then can reify a notion o It must mean something bc there’s a word for it When we make up terms and accept them, we make it real and fall into it Is there such a thing as distinct generations? o Ex: term “millennial” o People are born every day o No neat division of people with age, generation and other things o Like race, it’s a continuum (of age/genetic features) o No one falls into neat categories Distinct groups help us piece things apart Labelling makes it easier to make distinctions of bleeding colors o Make sense sociologically of what is happening o Alter how we think about things o Help us think in new ways… sometimes overly simplistic **MAKING SENSE OF THIS WORLD AROUND US Language Death Why do langs die? o Socioeco factors o Children wanting to sound educated or survival in new, dominant economy o Death of people o Age dependency ratio Women/mothers 20-40 yrs old provide for next generation (next workforce) o Langs can be brought back from death (like Hebrew) But need strong pol, soc, eco motivations Language Creation Langs diverge over time o Gradual process Invented languages o Tolkien, Esperanto, etc.… o Still, these are very similar to native language of creator (in this case, European) Languages are dying at a faster rate than they are being created How do langs come into being? o Creolization 1.- pidginization (pidgins) Simple form of a lang 2.- creoles (full blown out lang) Defined as creole language when children speak fluently Ex: Tok Pisin (“Talk Pidgin”) o Mi kukim kaikai bilong mi = my food belongs to me o Morphology differs from Eng., differ possessive markers, diff system f language… you can tell language base is English Slavery is the biggest driver of creation of creoles o Most from W Africa, diff languages of slaves from diff areas, relied on Euro langs for socioeco reasons Access to education, correlation with wealth and what langs they speak… people perceive creoles as less sophisticated forms of their language... “creoles for the uneducated masses” Distinct languages with distinct histories AAVE (Ebonics, etc.) o Some features owe themselves to African langs o Lang of edu is lang of those in power o Ax vs ask… metathesis swapping of sounds “aks/ax” is an old pronunciation in English Now people see “aks/ax” as uneducated