Week 12- Vietnam War Timeline
Week 12- Vietnam War Timeline HIST 370
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin McManus on Thursday November 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 370 at George Mason University taught by Zayna Bizri in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see War in American Society in History at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 11/19/15
HIST 370 Notes Week 12 Vietnam War 19541975 A General Timeline of the Con ict Following the end of the Japanese occupation of Indochina in 1945 the various peoples of the region such as the Vietnamese headed by Ho Chi Minh declared independence from any Western involvement For the next several years France Indochina s previous colonizer committed itself to suppressing a populist uprising against European colonization the United States first committed military aid in Vietnam in 1950 to assist the French France s devastating defeat was solidi ed in 1954 following the Geneva Accords an international summit in Geneva Switzerland which outlined a plan for a twostate solution in Vietnam the communist Viet Minh would govern North Vietnam and the democratic though more accurately noncommunist State of Vietnam would control South Vietnam the last French troops departed from Vietnam in 1956 In 1955 Ngo Dinh Diem succeeded Bao Dai as the headofstate in South Vietnam and warmly embraced US support for their government causing heightened tensions between north and south and allowing the Viet Minh to promote propaganda in North Vietnam accusing Diem s southern government of being procolonial a sentiment that struck very strongly with the Vietnamese people who had been dominated by colonialism for more than fifty years Diem s assassination in 1963 further provoked such tensions to ame out into outright escalation as Minh s government began taking advantage of the vulnerability of constant attempted coups in South Vietnam in order to take the social and political advantage Following an incident off the western coast of Vietnam in which on August 2 1964 the USS Maddox was supposedly ambushed by three North Vietnamese torpedo boats President Lyndon B Johnson signed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which authorized US military intervention in Vietnam in order to assist quotany member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty US military involvement in Vietnam gradually escalated over the next decade hitting its peak in 1968 at over 500000 American troops overseas As the war dragged on through the 19603 and into the 19703 which included public relations disasters such as the installation of a draft in 1969 Tet Offensive 1968 the My Lai Massacre 1968 and the Pentagon Papers 1970 caused increasing distrust from the American public of the US government as well as intensifying dissent with military involvement in Vietnam By the time Richard M Nixon was well into his first term most Americans openly opposed American military involvement in Vietnam The aforementioned various events and the sociopolitical atmosphere of the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s convinced the government that the con ict in Vietnam had already been lost Nixon s Vietnamization program the seeds of which were planted at the end of Johnson s presidency but much of the policy being carried out under Nixon s administration gradually transferred the burden of the fighting in Vietnam over to the South Vietnamese government and armed forces By 1973 the last official American troops departed Vietnam but it was not until 1975 that the last Americans associated with the nation s embassy in Saigon as well as many South Vietnamese refugees ed the country during the North Vietnamese Army s NVA invasion in what would become known as the Fall of Saigon
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