Week 8 Notes: Lecture 15
Week 8 Notes: Lecture 15 ARH 209
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Thursday November 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/19/15
ARH209 History ofJapanese Art Lecture 15 November 17 2015 Art of the Ryukyu Kingdom and Ainu Early Modern Social Issues Baraku SPAM social hierarchy EtaHinin or quotnonhumans is a type of discrimination that limits ability to find a job or become married Ainu northern prefectures to Hokkaido people are ethnically different from other Japanese people from an independent kingdom quote20quot is a derogatory term referring to Ainu people they have experienced multiple accounts of forced assimilation Ryukyu former southern Ryukyu Kingdom to Okinawa people are also ethnically and culturally different from other Japanese people Zainichi descendants of Korean slaves brought over during the JapanKorea war heavily discriminated against Ryukyu ndigenous people inhabiting Okinawa south Japan since the Jomon period 8th12th century movement of people from the archipelago Ryukyu Kingdom presentday Okinawa has a mild oceanside climate with the ocean being their main foodsource Fourishing trade relationship with China influenced their architecture art and language castle in particular is a mix of Japanese and Chinese architecture they also have ties with Korea Language shares linguistic roots with Old Japanese separated sometime before or around the 8th century and some Chinese Textiles typically wore unique outer garments with large colorful stencil bingata motifs Lacquer Wares Taku type of ware Chinkin or sunken gold technique several coats of lacquer are applied the design is carved out of the laquer then gold is applied in the cuts Tsuikin or applied lacquer cutout technique lacquer is formed into a flat sheet designs are cut out then the sheet is applied to the surface of the object Typicay colored red retained use of lacquer from the Jomon period Ryu kyu Bingata Robe Ryukyu Ainu Exam Slides pg 2 White cotton robe printed on with a bingata stencil brush and dye ris Chinese bellflower and quotsnake basket motifs Vivid colors are particular to Ryukyu textiles treasured in China and Yamato Japan Large motifs or yellow robes could only be worn by royalty this robe belonged to a prince and was made for him to wear for diplomatic visits to the capital The design is a reference to Rinpa style Metal Bucket Taku with Bamboo and Sparrow Design Ryukyu Ainu Exam Slides pg 4 Ryukyu object Made with the chinkin method Chinese oriented motifs distinct breaks in gold lines Incense Box With Dragon Design mported object Black lacquer is carved or stamped to create the design it gets applied to the wood then it gets painted but the crevices are left black to imitate Ryukyu chinkin Incense Container From Yamato Japan Made by carving the wood and painting it red but painting the crevices a contrasting color to imitate Ryukyu chinkin Covered Food Box Ryukyu Ainu Exam Slides pg 5 Ryu kyu object Made with the tsuikin method Flowers are painted with another layer of lacquer to create more depth Ainu ndigenous people inhabiting Hokkaido north Japan since the Jomon period retaining a robust Jomon culture Ainu people had extraordinary tattoos often on the face considered barbaric by the rest of Japan very distinct hairstyles Ties to China 4th century Okhotsk people migrate from north 7th9th century movement of people from the archipelago minority Hokkaido is about the size of Australia weather can be extremely cold abundant in food from seas rivers mountains plains Language shares some words with Japanese but linguistically isolated possibly Jomon language oral tradition instead of a written language Textiles typically wore outer garments or attush robes made out of natural and imported materials Lacquer Ware More colorful black red and gold More use of representative motifs Objects have a religiousritualistictalismanic use Woman s Attush Robe Ryukyu Ainu Exam Slides pg 3 Ainu style robe quotattush bark made with elm bark and cotton ornamentation Was used as a jacket worn over other kimono robes Taismanic geometric motifs thought to ward off evil Shape of the robe based off of a Chinese courtier s robe appropriated through their cultural ties to China Lacquered Tuki Bowl and Stand and Ikupasuy Prayer Stick Ryukyu Ainu Exam Slides pg 6 Ainu lacquer ware Small house motifs black lacquer with red and gold details Used in Iomante soulsending rituals which are the most important rituals in Ainu culture involves a bear hunt where a mother bear is sacrificed and then a cub is taken in and nursed for 12 years before releasing it back into the wild sending it back to the heavens Bowl is held in left hand and stick is held in right hand bowl is filled with liquor and stick is used to flick the liquor out during a ritual Similar to lacquer ware from Yamato Japan suggesting it is imported also similar to tea wares Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas