SOC 311 Notes #4
SOC 311 Notes #4 Soc 311
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Wagner on Thursday November 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 311 at University at Buffalo taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Drugs and society in Sociology at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 11/19/15
SOC 311 Drugs and Society Kristen ConnoHy Notes from 1051510915 Social Research on Drug Use 0 Triangulation examining a phenomenon by using two or more independent data sources puts multiple sources together 0 Puts multiple sources together 0 Multiple Con rmation verifying that a given proposition is true through the use of two or more data sources 0 Use when sources agree Rates of Drug Use Four main sources of information on drug useabuse 1 ADAM Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program a Drug tests urine samples and interviews a sample of people arrested in jails b High response rate no legal consequences c Gets at hardtoreach populations d Arrestees more likely to use psychoactive drugs 2 DAWN Drug Abuse Warning Network a Tabulates number of drugrelated admissions to emergency departments hospitals clinics b Number of drug related deaths reported by medical examiners c ED Episode speci c incident reported to DAWN that results in the user presenting himself for treatment d ED Mention mention of a speci c drug in a speci c accident e DAWN reports are not standardized f Cocaine heroin alcohol most common 3 MTF Monitoring the Future a Administering questionnaires on drug use in high school students b Levels ever used past year past month daily use c Does not include absentees or dropouts 4 NSDUH National Survey on Drug Use and Health a Doortodoortelephone interview people ages 12 b Provides national estimates of rates of use and the number of users c Able to provide reliable estimates of drug use in each state Descriptive Stats quantitative terms Inferential Stats quotcause and effectquot relationships Explaining Drug Use Necessary Preconditions for Drug Use 1 Predisposition motive or susceptibility 2 Availability and access Biological Theories postulate speci c physical mechanisms in people that in uence them to experiment with drugs Constitutional based on mechanisms that one is both with vary 0 Partlv Environmental constitutional factors combined with environment Genetic Factors genetic makeup of individuals predisposes them toward drug use 0 quotGenetic loadingquot factors may vary from person to person 0 A speci c gene or combination of genes in uences the speci c biological mechanisms relevant to substance abuse 0 Example naturally being able to drink more than others Adopted children have rates of alcoholism that are closer to their biological parents than their adopted parents Metabolic Imbalance once certain people start taking narcotics a biochemical process kicks in and they begin to crave the drug 0 Substance provides the body with what it lacks and cannot provide Developed by Vincent Dole and Marie Nyswander Psychological Theories Those emphasizing the mechanism of reinforcement o Maximize reward minimize punishment users haven t been caught yet 0 Those that stress the personalities of the drug user 0 Emphasize the role of personalities in causing the use of drugs 1 Reinforcement positive vs negative a Positive most likely continue use good history of using drugs pleasurable experience b Negative negative act drug use helps them to solve a problem 2 Inadequate Personality something wrong in the emotional state makes drug attractive to them a Drug use is brought on by social rejection so they look to be accepted by other illicit users b Problems that the drugs cause never get solved only get covered up c The more inadequate the personality the greater likelihood it is for the individual to become involved with drug use d Drug use is a defense mechanism obliterates feelings e Selfderodation per5pective drug use is a response to low selfesteem and selfrejecting attitudes f Drug users lack the skill to better themselves turn to drug use 3 ProblemBehavior Proneness form of deviance or problem behavior a Drug users have different values than nonusers b People who take this problem and do something writers artists scientists they want to be their own people and do things on their own time
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