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SOC 311 Notes #6

by: Emily Wagner

SOC 311 Notes #6 Soc 311

Emily Wagner
Drugs and society

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Drugs and society
Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Wagner on Thursday November 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 311 at University at Buffalo taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Drugs and society in Sociology at University at Buffalo.


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Date Created: 11/19/15
SOC 311 Drugs and Society Kristen ConnoHy Notes from 101915102315 Alcoholism multidimensional condition that is de ned in terms of four major criteria 1 problems associated with preoccupation with drinking 2 emotional problems 3 socialfamily problems 4 physical problems Symptomatic Drinking pattern of alcohol consumption aimed at reducing stress and anxiety Men vs Women being considered an alcoholic o It takes men 4 drinks a day or 14 drinks a week to be considered an alcoholic It takes women 3 drinks a day or 7 drinks a week to be considered an alcoholic Enablers individuals whose behavior consciously or unconsciously encourages another person s continuation of drinking Alcohol Abuse 1 continued use of alcohol for at least one month knowing its dangers or 2 recurring use of alcohol in physically hazardous situations Alcohol Dependence uncontrolled alcohol intake unsuccessful efforts to reduce use o 10 of Americans and 6 of college students t into the description of being dependent on alcohol DSM5 Revision consider alcohol abuse and dependence to be under the same category of quotalcohol use disorderquot Physical Effects of Alcoholism tolerance and withdrawal liver disease cardiovascular disease cancer neurological disorders Teratogenic capable of producing speci c birth defects Rule of Equivalency principle that the effects of alcohol are related solely and exclusively to the total volume of absolute alcohol in the body 0 This denies that different drinks have different levels of potency BAC percent by volume that alcohol comprises of the total content of blood in the body Children of Alcoholics COAs have increased risks of becoming an alcoholic as a result of vulnerability toward alcoholism Genetically or environmentally based Effects and Symptoms Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome mental discomfort seizures unable to sleep Delirium Tremens less common extreme disorientation fever hallucinations Both alcohol withdrawal syndrome and delirium tremens occur when one tries to break their alcohol habit Fatty Liver condition where fat deposits accumulate around the liver Alcoholic Cirrhosis disease involving scarring and deterioration of HverceHs Alcoholic Dementia cognitive de cits problems with problem solving and memory WernickeKorsakoff Syndrome disorientation motor difficulty Confabulation tendency to make up elaborate past histories to cover up the fact that longterm memory has been impaired Fetal Alcohol Syndrome condition involving mental retardation and facialcranial malformations in the offspring of an alcoholic mother Genetics of Alcoholism Type 1 drinking problems occur later in life Type 2 drinking problems occur earlier in life Alcohol Facts There is a link between heavy drinking and shrinkage of brain matter 5x as many people die from using legal drugs tobaccoalcohol than iHegaldrugs Men are more likely to binge drink or heavily use alcohol Women are more likely to have alcoholrelated organ damage The higher up in social class the more likely one is to drink The higher the income or education the more likely one is to drink There is no patter in alcoholics the rates vary between races genders sexual orientations Ages 1835 most likely to drink 0 Likelihood of drinking declines with age Approaches to Treatment for Alcoholism Biologically based treatments pills taken that are made to make the consumer vomit when ingesting alcohol Psychosocially based treatments Alcoholics Anonyms selfhelp Alcoholics Anonyms worldwide organization devoted to the treatment of alcoholism absolute abstinence from alcohol Chronic Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in the Workplace 0 Employee Assistance Programs EAPs TO BACCO Indigenous to Western hemisphere 0 Smoking form was not popular until rst half of the 20th century 0 Most popular in 18805 chewing then cigar smoking 0 Late 19th century cigarette smoking 0 1964 surgeon general s report rst of cial statement on connection between smoking and bad health 0 Then smoking dropped off became less popular 0 Solidi ed that nicotine in tobacco was addicting The Tobacco Industry Today 0 Early 19905 most US states and cities enacted laws mandating smokefree environments 0 2009 Tobacco Control Act FDA regulates tobacco products sold in the US Dependence Potential of Nicotine Nicotine ingestion produces both tolerance effects and physical withdrawal symptoms Strongly crave nicotine Smokers adjust their timebehaviors in order to get their x Smokeless Tobacco Risks gum disease damaged tooth enamel loss of teeth oral cancer cancer of the jaw pharynx and neck Link between lung cancer and smoking led to an antismoking movement Ch 9 Prescription Drugs OTC Drugs and Dietary Supplements Prescription drug abuse began with quotDover s Powderquot in 1709 o This did not become a social problem until the 19405 0 Morphine was rst marketed commercially by Merck 1827 0 Most abundant opiate active ingredient in opium Prescription drug use increased since the 19905 but is recently decreasing Oxycontin 1996 0 Take once feel relief for many hours 0 Extremely addictive Continuing and Growing Abuse 0 Problem of perceived increase in use can be explained 0 Number and variety have increased 0 Availability creates demand for drugs with high abuse potential 0 Prescription drugs are popular with abusers considered more acceptable less dangerous easier to rationalize and lesslegalconsequences Diversion Where do the drugs come from o Diversion involves the unlawful channeling of prescription drugs from legal sources to the illegal marketplace Can occur at any point in the drug delivery process 0 quotDoctor shoppingquot going doctor to doctor until one is able to nd a doctor to prescribe the wanted medicine for illegal use FDA is responsible for setting safety standards and labeling of ingredients on medications Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 active ingredients need to be labeled on medications Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act 1938 all ingredients need to be accurately identi ed


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