Week 8 Psych 202 Treatment Lecture notes
Week 8 Psych 202 Treatment Lecture notes PSY 202
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janiel Celeena Santos on Thursday November 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 202 at University of Oregon taught by Measelle J in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Mind and Society >2 in Psychlogy at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/19/15
Week 8 Psych 202 Lecture Treatment Demographic Treatment Data Only 15 are treated o 85 go untreated Who 0 Women more than men 0 Those with medical insurance 0 Those with higher education 0 Model number of health sessions is 1 0 Most common disorders 0 Depression 0 Anxiety 0 Children 018 yrs prescribed Rx for mental health problems more than adu s USA Vast majority with diagnosed psychiatric condition that come in contact with the law will end up in prison largest 39treatment39 in the USA Treatment 0 Biologically Based interventions o Re ect medical approaches to illnessdisease Psychologicallybased interventions psychotherapy o Aimed at changing patterns of thought emotion and or behaviors Pharmacothera py Psychotropic medications 0 Drugs that change brain neurochemistry and affect mental processes Inhibit action potentials Increase or decrease the activation of particular neurotransmitters Three general drug categories 0 Antianxiety Tranquilizers Used for shortterm anxiety BenzodiazepinesXanax Increase activity of GABA Pros reduces anxiety promotes relaxation Cons causes drowsiness highly addictive 0 Antidepressants Primarily used to treat depression but also common for anxiety Monoamine oxidase MAO inhibitors Inhibits the breakdown of serotonin in the synapse resulting in more serotonin being available in synapse Also raises levels of norepinephrine and dopamine Only used for those who do not respond to other antidepressants o Antipsvchotics Used to treat schizophrenia and other disorders involving psychosis Reduces hallucinations and delusions Binds to dopamine receptors thus blocking the effects of dopamine Not always affective Irreversible side effects tardive dyskinesia Cannot treat negative symptoms of schizophrenia social withdrawal apathy Newer antipsychotic Clozapine Acts on dopamine receptors and also serotonin norepinephrine etc Alternative Biological Treatments 0 Surgery 0 Today it is used as a last resort Electroconvulsive Therapy ECT o Administering a strong electrical current to the patient brain to produce a seizure 0 Effective to severe depression that has not been responsive to medication or psychotherapy Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation TMS 0 Electrical current produces a magnetic eld which induces an electrical current in the brain 0 Stimulation interrupts neural function of selected region 0 Mainly used to treat severe depression 0 Deep Brain Stimulation o Surgically implant electrodes deep in the brain 0 Electricity used to stimulate brain similar to pace maker Psychotherapy quotWaves of psychotherapies 0 First wave classical behaviorism Work with externally observable behaviors via reinforcementpunishment Examples 0 Exposure Therapy phobias0CD 0 Grades exposure to feared stimulus Behavioral activation for depression 0 quotfake it till you make it Behavioral modi cationskill training 0 Replacing unwanted behaviors with more adaptive ones 0 Second Wave cognitive behavioral approach Treats a variety of disorder but typically depression and anxiety Theory Maladaptive thoughts and feelings play a fundamental role in shaping behavior Modify cognitionemotionsbehaviors Find quoterrorsquot in thinkingreplace with more adaptive thoughts feelings and behaviors 0 Third Wave acceptancemindfulnessbased approach Interest in internal experience understanding what function adaptive and maladaptive thoughts and feelings play Change relationship to thoughts rather than thoughts themselves Draw on a variety techniques 0 Theory psychological suffering is caused by attempting to control thoughtsfeelings Psychological suffering is normal 0 Goals 0 Acceptance emphasizes quotwillingnessquot to have unwanted thoughtsfeelingsexperiences
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