Popular in Women and Crime
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Maino on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRMJ348 at Towson University taught by Marion Cockey in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Women and Crime in Criminal Justice at Towson University.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
3/29 • Women’s boroughs o Pay raises weren’t considered • White male working class culture • 40s & 50s….finger print work in the lab was mostly done by women; also did undercover work (prostitute); secretaries • 1% of all officers were female (as of 1960) • Child saver mentality was the role that many of women had to do • 1961 NYC had passed a rule that in NYC any police officer could apply for promotions; notice for the promotion had to be public; they put them in the men’s locker room so it was not in the general public o rabbi: helps younger officer’s develop; helped to situate women in a more positive way within the police department o woman sued for the notice to be made public and won o 1961 Felicia Schpritzer first officer to pass the sergeants test and became the first female sergeant • 1968 Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act: precursor to the war on drugs; control crime and put it at a tolerable level; crime control? Crime prevention & elimination; criminal justice as a notion did not exist until this law; o police didn’t know how to communicate with non police…would learn through education o a space suggested that, if they receive a college education, they would be reimbursed and receive a pay grade and often times be promoted o whereas women have always had the requirement of a college education o if you wanted federal grants everything had to be written in terms of measurable goals and objectives (1/5 yr plan) o block grants given to each state, that were based of population (smaller states got smaller grants), distributed equally among police, courts and corrections (C.J. system) 3/31 • Human Trafficking • 2 concepts! Sex Trafficking/ human trafficking • Human Trafficking: refers to anyone who is trafficked to benefit someone else; taken by force or offers of benefits; anyone who is trafficked for sexual, labor, porn, service, etc; includes sex trafficking • Sex Trafficking: specifically induced by force or coercion; someone is forced to perform sexual acts; under 18 can be “saved” • Most profitable; now making more money than sales of drugs or weapons • Doesn’t require much effort • Not traditionally organized crime so we aren’t going to call it organized crime… • 2000 passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act: this act essentially made trafficking a federal crime o the individual who is trafficked must be involved in commercial sex acts (prostitution) o traffickers are recognized to use psychological and physical means to traffic someone • how does trafficking happen? o Runaways (result of abuse at home) o Picked up on the street o Population of individuals who are there for the victimization o False marriage proposals, promise of a good job in another country, being sold (family members), trafficking recruitors o Manipulating meals o Confinement o Family violation (you have a little sister? A little brother?) o Forced drug use o Tremendous health risk associated with trafficking in general ▯ Pregnancy (miscarriages, forced abortions) ▯ Physical damage (violent rape, TBI, memory loss) ▯ STD’s, STI’s, hepatitis ▯ Death • Victims typically experience out of body experiences when they are raped; the mind and the body are in disconnect; don’t associate what is happening to themselves • Suicide is not an uncommon outcome • Self hatred • 32 million people are trafficked