New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Global Warming and International Politics

by: Caroline Jok

Global Warming and International Politics PSC 1003

Marketplace > George Washington University > Political Science > PSC 1003 > Global Warming and International Politics
Caroline Jok
GPA 3.8

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Introduction to International Politics PSC 1003 Week 12 Notes Professor Henry Farrell GWU
Introduction to International Politics
Farrell, H
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to International Politics

Popular in Political Science

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Jok on Thursday November 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Farrell, H in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.

Similar to PSC 1003 at GWU

Popular in Political Science


Reviews for Global Warming and International Politics


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 11/19/15
Introduction to International politics Professor Henry Farrell 17 November 2015 Global Warming Continued:  Development of technologies:  ­ Focus on development of mitigation technologies o Aim to lower the costs of adaptation for individual countries – without necessarily solving overall problem o Likely leakage of technologies from on country to another providing benefits ­ But far from a complete solution ­ Large scale geo­engineering poses other ethical challenges.  ­ Policy is still in play!  Conclusions:  ­ Global warming is an extraordinarily thorny problem ­ Science says that it is real ­ Clear consequences for states ­ Yet difficulty finding solutions Policy Responses to Global Warming:  Policy Responses to Global warming ­ UN Negotiations led to signing of Kyoto Protocol to UN framework agreement ­ Aimed at stabilizing emissions of greenhouse gases, increasing absorption ­ 37 industrialized countries committed themselves to reduce greenhouse gases o use of various permit schemes, emission trading etc.  o cap and trade ­ US is not a party to the agreement (although it is a signatory)  ­ Non­industrialized countries can receive benefits from trading offsets.  Problem with Kyoto Protocol ­ Protocol is grossly under sufficient to solve problem o Helps around edges in ensuring it is not quite as bad as it could be. o Process arguments ­ Does not impose obligations on the Less Developed Countries  o China fast catching up as a major emitter of Greenhouse Gasses.  Further UNFCCC Meetings ­ UN Framework Convention on climate change continues to meet ­ 2009 Copenhagen meeting supposed to replace Kyoto with a more ambitious framework Paris Negotiations (the next step) ­  December – next effort to build a deal in regards to global environment  o US has said “no treaty”  o EU wants a legally binding agreement ­ Earlier non­binding agreement between US and China o Although China has underreported coal plants – Can they be trusted? ­ Fights within US over whether its proposed targets (cutting emissions) are feasible ­ Belief among climate scientists that it’s not nearly enough  ­ Not clear that there will be progress on burden sharing at Paris o India resisting clear targets Realism and Self Help ­ Given lack of shared interests and hierarchical authority, would suggest that most  plausible response is self­help o Buck­passing – everyone wants other states to bear the costs (US v. China)  o Not going to agree on who should pay the cost – there is no higher authority to  come up with a solution.  ­ States will look to mitigate problems for themselves ­ But will also likely exacerbate collective problem through individual actions.  Development of technologies ­ Focus on development of mitigation technologies ­ Aim to lower costs of adaptation for individual countries without necessarily solving  overall problem ­ Possible wars over global warming with the leaking of technologies Global warming and liberal institutionalism ­ Liberal institutionalists’ skepticism about the current regime does not translate into  prescription for self—help ­ Instead, optimistic about how a regime of smaller institutions might help tackle a big  problem ­ Not one binding solution – but a set of varied forms of cooperation.  Less ambitious Regime ­ Would help deal with the problem of clashing interests ­ Countries and other entities could pick and choose schemes that made sense given their  goals and abilities ­ May be relatively weak compared to overall binding instrument ­ But may be the best that can be achieved so that you are not at the mercy of your least  cooperative state.  Liberal institutionalism and uncertainty ­ Liberal institutionalists imply that reduction of uncertainty is important  o Continued development of scientific knowledge ­ But also push for greater flexibility in dealing with uncertainty o Can adapt more quickly to changing needs and new technology o Can allow loose coupling between different schemes.  Constructivists and global warming solutions ­ Point to need to change collective understandings of what global warming is and how to  tackle it. ­ These collective understandings are shaped by social processes ­ Not good at coming up with solutions… Anti­global warming coalition is relatively fixed on. May become more malleable as evidence accumulates arguable moving in the wrong  direction) Opinion Book: The Greatest Hoax: U.S. Senator James Inhofe Lack of direct policy prescriptions ­ would point to need for greater work by coalitions ­ And identification of ideational stress points in the system ­ The extraordinary power of the US Senate  ­ The weakness of Chinese environmental protection ­ Perhaps easier to build coalitions to change latter than former.  Conclusions:  ­ Global warming is an extraordinarily thorny problem ­ Each of these approaches helps explain why ­ But none offers a very satisfactory way forward ­ Most optimistic is liberal institutionalism – but even here, optimism is heavily qualified. 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.