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Week 3 Lecture Notes

by: Chioma Iheoma

Week 3 Lecture Notes PHIL 2132W

Chioma Iheoma
GPA 3.5
Political and Social Philosophy

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About this Document

This week Aristotle and Plato were discussed as well as the book Politics.
Political and Social Philosophy
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chioma Iheoma on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 2132W at George Washington University taught by Sigrist in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Political and Social Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 01/30/15
lecteu rs Friday January 30 2015 627 PM January 26 2015 Presentation Aristotle says that happiness is virtue because virtue is selfsufficient and the habituation of virtue Eudynamia happiness human ourishing Soul consists of three parts passions raw emotions faculties Ability to feel emotions states of characters how appropriately we feel an emotion We can39t control how we feel only how we react Aristotle39s ethics depend on virtue Ties in Politics 0 Aristotle believed we should have a legal system based on ethics and banning unethical actions 0 Superior people follow a life of politics 0 Aristotle thinks politics is plural ethics Lecture Civic virtue are you a good citizen Politicsis a necessary good Book9 0 Why do we need politics politics provides structure because according to Aristotle a lot of us are morally good Politics Book 1 o The polis is natural people congregate into communitiesstates and people require things that are outside of their family39s capacity 0 Aristotle claims that its okay for states to insert themselves onto non state people and into nonstate territories because states are natural I Living in a state isn39t a lifestyle option but the right option If you don39t live in a state you39re morally primitive Political association is a commitment to a common good much like a familial commitment to a common good of the family January 28 2015 Where does Marx belong in political philosophy Marx thinks the state is natural and a temporary formation that serves the interest of the ruling class When there is no longer a ruling class there will no longer be a class Capitalism is so popular because we aren39t creative enough to come up with alternatives BookI Aristotle thinks that human beings naturally form into a state It can only be exercised in human settings 0 Opportunity for resources 39 A lot of things that people need they cannot provide on their own 0 Eudynamia drives us I We judge our well being through the recognition that our peers have on us Two senses of natural 0 We39re naturally political BookII Criticizes Plato39s idea on property that it shouldn39t be private in order to have a unified public interest Plato believes division is a threat to happiness and public good Aristotle doesn39t agree that everyone should share everything and since everyone isn39t good at everything they should specialize He wants things to be humanized Aristotle thinks so private interest is important for the public good He sees something inhuman of expecting people not to care about themselves He doesn39t think that the guardian39s should have absolutely no private interest quotProperty that is common to the greatest number of owners receives the least attention men care most for their private possessions and for what they own in common less or only so far as it falls to their own individual share for in addition to the other reasons they think less of it on the ground that someone else is thinking about it just as in household service a large number of domestics sometimes give worse attendance than a smaller numberquot Aristotle criticizes the guardians themselves Where Plato sees them as above the fray and morally impeccable Aristotle does not Aristotle doesn39t see selfish interests as bad He wants people to have an identifiable stake in the public good because then they will want the public to work out Given what human beings are Aristotle does not believe that Plato39sworld will work Guardians are still human He does not think Plato understands Mlhnf39c imnnrfnnf thnf HQ l lp dnpcn39f think Mlp39rp mnrnllv dpfprh39vn VV llub L LLLLFUL bull uuuub ULLJI ILU MUUULL b DALLLLLX VV t L t LLLULMLLJ MULUUDLV UI Booklll Aristotle defines a citizen as someone who plays an active role in society A city nation is defined by a constitution or its regime A constitution is defined by 0 Three types of constitutions distinguished by who is sovereign I Oligarchy I Democracy 39 Monarchy A good citizen and a good person aren39t necessarily the same person A good citizen has to uphold things that a good person doesn t have to and vice versa 0 A good citizen has to vote and be engaged in politics but a good person doesn39t have to Polity is Aristotle39s term for a good democracy


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