CDAE 001: Week 9
CDAE 001: Week 9 CDAE 002
Popular in World Food, Population and Development
Popular in Human Development
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Skrable on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CDAE 002 at University of Vermont taught by Dr. Shoshanah Inwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see World Food, Population and Development in Human Development at University of Vermont.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
World, Food, Population, and Sustainable Development Week 9 Development Paradigms (cont.) Malthusian - Overshoot and Collapse o Carrying Capacity § Maximum population that a given habitat can support over a given time o Overshoot § Condition where population size exceeds the carrying capacity of it’s environment; leads to a decrease in population (called dieback) o Ex) St. Matthews Island § 1944: US Coast Guard introduced 29 reindeer § 1957: 1,350 reindeer § 1963: 6,000 reindeer § 1966: 42 female reindeer, 1 male - Idea that humans will not be able to offset their consumption - Good life is not attainable for all - “Lifeboat” strategy o Rationing o Immigration o Population - Hunger is because of the large population Famine, Hunger, and Food Access - 842 million people do not have enough to eat o Vast majority live in developed countries - 1 of 6 children is underweight - 1 of 4 of the world’s children are stunted - Stunting o Below median height for age of reference population o Results from a child having nutritional deficiency in 1 1000 days of their life o Consequences § Impaired cognitive development § The body is focused on conserving energy by limiting social/physical growth § Bad immune system § Apathetic and incurious § Poorly in school, therefore earn less as adults o International Response § Improvement in diet after 2 years can restore child to near normal mental development - Causes of Famine and Hunger o Biological § Ex) Crop failure o Social Common Misconceptions - WORLD HUNGER IS NOT THE RESULT OF INSUFFICIENT FOOD PRODUCTION - FAMINE IS NOT THE MOST COMMON FORM OF HUNGER - FAMINE IS RARELY CAUSED BY FOOD INSUFFICIENCY - HUNGER IS NOT CAUSED BY INSUFFICIENTLY Irish Potato Famine - Population increase in Ireland o Potatoes are a great way to feed this increasing population - Potato harvest o Blight came from Mexico, ruined the potatoes o Only grew one variety of potatoes, so they were all susceptible to the blight - People began to STARVE o Scurvy. typhus, starvation, death o Yet Ireland was still exporting food § 30-50 shiploads/day to England • British Rule o Irish Catholics prohibited from purchasing land, could only rent, farmers were unable to pay, 500,000 tenant farmers evicted - Migration & Mortality o Over 10 years- 750,000 Irish died o 2 million left for Great Britain, Canada, USA o Within 5 years, the Irish population reduced by ¼ - Legacy o Deep and lasting feeling of distrust towards Great Britain Bengal Famine 1943 - “Man Made Holocaust” - Caused by starvation and malnutrition - 1942: taken over by Japanese o Cyclone immediately after - There was a panic that the Japanese would take over o “Scorched Earth Policy”- destroy food stocks in case of take over - Price increase - At the same time o Rice exports to British troops o War time inflation plus increase in income for war-time production § Increase in demand § Price increase - Wages are not following the price trend o So laborers become destitute o 30% died - Government mismanagement o Prevented trade between states § Prevented food supplies - War and Hunger o Madaya, Syria § Food can’t come in, surrounded by land mines o Yemen § 14 million are food insecure because of war FAMINE AND HIGH PRICES ARE REFLECTIONS OF: Supply & Demand Commodity Price Speculation Hoarding Hunger is not caused by a lack of food, but by some people’s lack of ability to purchase food Hunger and Famine: - Political unrest - Bad governance - Disruption of systems - Poverty that causes hunger is consequence of global economic forces Focus on exports Financial debt that periphery countries attained in the 70s Low wages US Working Poor and Hungry - Walmart allows for low wages o Fill out a form for government aid when applying § They know that you cannot support yourself - IPCC 5 Assessment of Climate Change o Climate change is projected to create more negatives than positives for agriculture o Climate Change connected to rising food prices & political instability
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