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class notes

by: Alexandra Notetaker

class notes PHI 115

Alexandra Notetaker
GPA 3.7
Normative Ethics: Contemporary Moral Problems
Dr. Mitchell

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About this Document

class notes for chapter 34-37
Normative Ethics: Contemporary Moral Problems
Dr. Mitchell
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Friday November 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 115 at Pace University taught by Dr. Mitchell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Normative Ethics: Contemporary Moral Problems in PHIL-Philosophy at Pace University.


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Date Created: 11/20/15
Chapter 33 Thesis 0 Argues that the death penalty is tting expression of our care for victims of horrendous crimes and our anger at those who perpetrated brutal injustice 3 l 1 we cant take matters into our own hands 0 we must trust in the law and those who do will be rewarded 311 o The law must respond to the deeds of the wicked and the righteous must have con dence that the law will respond and do so in an appropriate manner 3 l l 0 ex I Roosevelt Grier 311 New York Giants defensive linebacker He and friends saw Robert Kennedy shot in front of them They were filled with anger and wanted to go after his assassin Law says they couldn t take matters into their own hands I Lower east side 312 7 year old boy brutally murdered 28 year old woman stabbed to death suspect is arrested police had a hard time protecting him because angry mobs were forming to go after the suspect Punishment 0 Serves two purposes I Make criminals unhappy I Make the lawabiding person feel happy 0 Promotes Justice I A just society is one where everyone gets what he deserves and the wicked deserve to be punishedand the righteous deserve to be joyous 3 12 Anger o anger is expressed or manifested on those occasions when someone has acted in a manner that is thought to be unjust and one of its bases is the opinion that men are responsible and should be held responsible for what they do 313 o Anger is a very human passion because it acknowledges the humanity of its objects I It holds them accountable for what they do I Anger shows that you care about others 0 Ex I If we walk into a door we are mad but we don t hold it against the door I Whereas when a person makes us angry we stay angry at them because we hold people accountable for their words and actions Moral community 0 Criminals are the objects of great anger because I Injure an isolated person I Violated the foundations of trust and friendship These are necessary elements of a moral community 0 A moral community is one whose members are expected freely to obey the laws and are trusted to obey the law 314 0 To have a moral community means you have people who care for others in the community Capital Punishment 0 Serves to remind us of the majesty of the moral order that is embodied in our law and of the terrible consequences of its breach 3 14 o The criminal law must possess a dignity far beyond that possessed by mere statutory enactment or utilitarian and selfinterested calculations the most powerful means we have to give it that dignity is to authorize it to impose the ultimate penalty 3 15 o It must remind us of the moral order by which alone we live as human beings and in our day the only punishment that can do this is capital punishment 3 15 Law is there so that people don t take matters into their own hands Chapter 34 Death Penalty 0 Punishment of execution for someone who committed a capital crime I Ex Killing an innocent person 0 Bems o Believes capital punishment acknowledges the dignity of human beings o Believes that people who are angry and kill means that they aren t sef interested and that they care about others I This doesn t provide justification Nathanson 0 View death penalty as a violation of dignity I Capital punishment is morally wrong 0 Believes that it does not matter how angry a person is it is not appropriate to kill innocent human beings I It is also not appropriate to kill criminals Nathanson Argument 0 The death penalty is a violation of such dignity o It is not right to take away a human s life regardless of what they have done 0 Death penalty is hypocritical I It intentionally kills people even though killing is not right Symbolism of Abolishing Death Penalty 0 One way we express our respect for the dignity of human beings is by abstaining from depriving them of their lives even if they have done terrible deeds 319 o No matter how horrible a persons acts I We may not punish them in a cruel and unusual way 0 He argues that it is not okay for people to be punished by their crimes but not to the extent where their lives become deprived which is what the death penalty does 0 Taking the life of a criminal conveys the idea that through his deeds he has made himself worthless and without human value Summary 0 Capital punishment is wrong and that nobody should have their life taken from them I Regardless of how severe the crime is Self defense 0 Nathan s allow for people to defend themselves 0 If they have to kill to stay alive 1 11215 Chapter 35 View animals as a purpose to benefit us Claims our goals should be 0 Total abolition of the use of animals in science 0 total dissolution of commercial animal agriculture 0 total elimination of commercial and sport hunting and trapping 3 perspectives 0 many people have come to believe that animals eXist for their benefits 0 indirect duty I humans have no duty to animals I we owe them nothing I we can do nothing that wrongs them I Ex If your neighbor kicks your dog that is not a wrong to your dog it is a wrong to you because your neighbor damaged your property pg 327 I Morality consists of a set of rules that individuals voluntarily agree to abide by As for animals they can t understand contracts they obviously can t sign therefore they do not have rights pg 328 Children are unable to sign contracts but are protected by the contract of the sentimental interests of others most notably by their parents Abolitionist 0 Stop the abuse of animals What does regan mean by inherent values 0 Animals can feel pain have a life worthy of respect Animals have qualities that are similar to human and deserve respect The lion needs the zebra to live 0 Necessarily dependent on meat 0 Unlike us we can live on meat or plant life Zoos wouldn t be morally acceptable 0 Taking away their right to roam free Chapter 36 Lack free moral judgment Obligations o 0 Thesis 0 Animals do not have such moral capacities They are not morally self legislative cannot possibly be members of a true moral community and therefore cannot possess rights In conducting research on animal subjects therefore we don t Violate their rights because they have none to Violate 4 page 343 0 Need it to stay alive Chapter 37 Warren argues that Regan s notion of inherent value is unclear Thesis 0 Maintains that animals do have rights but nit identical in strength Sharp line 0 need to be more nuance 2 pg 354 0 Yea all humans have rights I 350 4 o Page 353 Summary Chapter 35 Animals have inherent values Should be respected like humans 0 Some treat their pets like children Chapter 36 Animals have no rights Humans have obligation to care for those animals Chapter 37 Animals do have rights especially sentient Defends weak animal position


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