Notes from Western Civ 1815-Present
Notes from Western Civ 1815-Present HIS 104
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katharine Anthony on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 104 at Pace University taught by Michael Rosenfeld in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see History of Western Civilization 1815-Present in History at Pace University.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
• Because of the ideas of the age of enlightenment many things including the economy, how people thought, science and industry. • Industrialism began to change the economic model with people such as Adam Smith. Word meanings changing show exactly how differently words were used and that something is changing within the society. ○ Eg. Factory in 1850 referred to some kind of trading post, in modern times a factory is where something is manufactured. • Luddism/Luddites: workers who were being displaced by factories and factory work and tried to stop industrialization by stopping and breaking machinery. Similarly to auto workers in the 1930's staged sit down strikes in factories and took control of them so that owners could not bring in workers to replace them. The idea of luddites were that the new kind of production was changing so many things such as good were faster made and cheaper made, this meant that skilled workers were out of jobs and economic livelihood. • Marx in the 1840's spoke in defense of workers because he felt the only thing they had to sell their labor. ○ Believed in revolution and that those who were to fight in the revolution had nothing to lose but their chains ○ Believed that revolution was necessary but believed that there would be a worker's paradise after everything was solved. ○ Called religion "the opium of the masses" § The upper class did not believe in public education but often gave a lot of money to Sunday schools because they believed it would make them better workers. • Malthus believed that there was no self-restraint of workers to keep the size of their families down and created their own problems and if they wanted to change their standard of living would have to control their reproduction. • Revolutions occurred in ○ 1830 ○ 1848 ○ 1871 (Commune) The Moon Walk ( Landing) in the 1970's would be the first time that we walked on the moon and lived to tell and is broadcasted live to earth. The Eifel Tower is built in 1883 in commemoration to the French Revolution was created to show that machines could create beautiful decorative objects. Between 1883 and 1970 the map of Europe is changing. Germany's defeat of France shows a change of power in the world and a new state, Germany. It was Scientific, military and industrial amazement. Italy as well comes together and is created, with the exception of the Vatican who refused to acknowledge Italy exists. The Last third of the 19th century becomes a period of tremendous power, prosperity and economic growth. It becomes a golden age for the bourgeoisie, the growth of democracy and a flowering of the Western civilization. There is a massive revival of imperialism that draws Europe into Asia and Africa. The engineering feats the come with this imperialization are monumental feats. Transcontinental railroads begin to exist. A Railway from Paris France to Vadivlastc in Asian Russia appears. We also begin to see the construction of subways, automobiles being to exist, electrification begins and the first air flights begin. Tremendous Western human pride that western man represents the pinnacle of Western civilization. We do begin to have the suffrage movements however. The titanic sent shudders through people because the psychological part of the titanic that they thought it really was unsinkable and humans had advanced so far that we were masters of nature and nothing could stop us. Suffragette movement • Marie Curie, won 2 Nobel prizes for science. As brilliant and productive as she was she could not vote in France. In the titanic people saw what ended up happening years later, WWI. • Humans were advancing so much that we'd never go to war again • Advance states could not fight wars because their economies had become interconnected and since it would be economically destructive we would not fight in wars. • The war came and showed how very primitive humans could be as well as how adaptable the modern state was with organizing for modern war. • The new type of war, Total War was created. ○ Professional soldiers and warfare on society ○ There is no longer a distinction between battle front and home front. ○ We see it in full force in the Second World War § Spanish Civil War □ there was complete destruction of civilian populations
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