Chapter 21(Religion) and 23(World systems and colonialism) notes
Chapter 21(Religion) and 23(World systems and colonialism) notes ANTR 110S
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Nathaniel Rhodes on Friday November 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTR 110S at Old Dominion University taught by KRISTIN M MACAK in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 11/20/15
ANTRllOS Chapter 21 and 23 Religion and Chapter 21 Magic and Religion A What is religion to anthropologists Anthropologists see religion as a component of human culture They aren39t trying to say which one is right and wrong they just want to connect religion to other aspects of society Religion is a uniting or dividing force It is seen as a social phenomenon of collective practices that effects a single person greatly or a group Religion is also seen as a way to answer fundamental questions of human life and justify strange phenomenon in the early years of life How is religion expressed A B C Animism Belief in spirits or spiritual beings Gods Powerful spiritual beings with extraordinary strengths but personal characteristics ex gender personalities Theism Belief in existence of 1 or possibly more gods Mono one god Poy 2 or more gods Powers forces and magic A Mana Sacred impersonal force of power similar to that of the force from star wars Magic Use of a supernatural technique to achieve a speci c goal Myth Sacred stories that often describe the origins of the universe of some element of existence Rituas Formal repetitive behaviors based on a book or song and dance possibly Totemism Symbolic associates animals plants or geographic features with a social group think of structuralism by LeviStrauss Rite of Passage A B A rite of passage marks a transition between stages of life the process of a rite of passage starts off with separation from the original group then you are in a state of limbo learning your way around the new stage then reincorporation into the new group Good example is the military you leave home to train at boot camp after registration then come back home or live on a base with others Religion and revitalization A B C Religion maintains social order Revitalization movement Social movements aimed to revive society An example of revitalization is the cargo cults in Melanesia trying to recreate advanced weaponry due to their contact with soldiers in ww2 ANTRlloS Chapter 21 and 23 Religion and they also expect ancestral spirits to carry ships with goods and food in them Chapter 23Qart 1 Colonialism and World Svstemg A Capitalist World Economy Single world system committed to production for sale or exchange Maximizing pro ts is key B Capital is the wealth or resources invested with a goal of pro ts Core Periphery and semiperiphery A Core dominant and most powerful nations with high in uence on world systemEx USA Japan Western Europe B Semiperiphery Intermediate to core and periphery focuses on exports ex China India in some aspects C Periphery Weakest structure and economical position but the backbone of the world system product makers ex Bangladesh Emergence of a World System A Started in 15th century when Europe had regular contact with Asia Africa and the quotnew worldquot Americas and Caribbean B 1492 First voyage from Christopher Columbus from Spain to the Bahamas and Caribbean voyages followed by expeditions opened new ways to trade in the new and old world C Key resources emerged from this world system Sugar number 1 export high demand required plantations and therefore slaves from the transAtlantic trademost from Africa and raw cotton which was another slaveintensive commodity Industrial revolution A In Europe socioeconomic transformation of tradition into modern societies post 1750 B New sources of water and wind power C Industrializations increased manufacturing and production D Capitalscienti c innovations
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