Labor Movement and Roots of Empire Building
Labor Movement and Roots of Empire Building HY 325-001
Popular in US World Power to 1898
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday November 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 11/20/15
Search for New Markets and the Roots of Empire 0 Late 18005 US biggest industrial nation gt largest global industrial producer 0 Changed factory employment more workers immigrant workers all daynight work 0 Main industries oil steel and railroad o Urbanization resulted from immigration and rural to urban migration 0 How were companies to control the increasing work force regulate wages o Tactics low wages pay by product produced not by hour don t invest in safety items Unions and Labor Movement Workers formed unions to advocate for 8 hour work days better pay better conditions No legal right to form unions at that time Unions and strikers seen as a threat to commerce and public order 0 Seen as radicals anarchists and communists Knights of Labor 1869 0 Goals 8 hour work day no wagelabor system 0 Skilled and unskilled workers menwomenAfricanAmericans o Graduated income tax no childconvict laborers o Favored arbitration over strikes American Federation of Labor 0 Samuel Gompers 0 Only skilled workers in certain industries only men only whites o Prostrikes vs arbitration Strikes 0 Great Railroad Strike of 1877 I 1st national strike I Cause railroad companies colluded and lowered wages laborers upset and striked violence broke out in different cities 0 2 weeks long lots of property damage 0 Federal troops deployed to fight laborers and protect businesses 0 Showed that the gov t favored business over laborers I Legacy showed potential of labor to disrupt industry and trade 0 Haymarket Affair of 1886 I Started as a peaceful rally for higher wages and better working conditions 0 Bomb thrown at police several people killed anarchists blamed o 8 anarchists arrested and charged 4 executed I Birth of May Day celebration I Death of Knights of Labor gt was present at the strike and therefore guilty by association even though its members weren t involved in the violence 0 Pullman Strike of 1894 I Pullman manufactured railroad cars I Company moved its factory and workers outside of the city and set up a company town 0 Goal move labor away from labor unrest to prevent strikes I Panic 1893 company lowered wages yet raised prices at company town 0 Laborers mad and many agitators were fired 0 Majority of laborers joined a strike movement I Strike paralyzed railroads gt gov t intervened wtroops and strike stopped 0 Cause of labor unrest and economic panics was blamed on overproduction I overproduction flooded the US market and drove prices down I Solution alleviate overproduction burden via new markets and new consumers 0 New markets colonies abroad roots of imperialismempire building I new markets seen as solution to labor unrest and economic panics Roots of ImperialismUS Involvement in Global Affairs o quotscramble for empire late 1800s 0 Countries claiming portions of other countries for colonies mainly in Africa and Asia 0 Goal extract raw materials from colonies manufacture goods in home country sell final good back to the colony 0 Push for naval power as a way to sustain colonies and an empire 0 Alfred Thayer Mahan quotInfluence of Sea Power Upon History I Best and strongest navy strong geopolitical position 0 Sea power as a lynchpin to global power I Supporter Teddy Roosevelt o Navies require coaling stations and bases need for strategic base locations I Base locations colonies ex Hawaii 0 Columbian Exposition 1893 World s Fair in Chicago 0 Optimism about America s future gt celebrate past and look toward future 0 Celebration of US s industries and technological progress 0 Built a city to hold the Fair I White City focused on US progress and highlights advancements I Midway entertainment center and villages from around the world 0 villages cultural exposure 0 Yet reinforced idea that whiteAmerican as superior to others 0 Idea of traveling back in time from developed to savage from white city and American progress to Native American villages 0 Meeting of American Historical Association I Frederick Jackson Turner quotFrontier Thesis 0 Frontier as being vital to US development 0 US characteridentitydemocracy was shaped by the existence of a frontier and the steps taken to expand the frontier 0 Frontier became a melting pot of people that formed the US ID 0 At meeting FJT stated that the frontier no longer existed 0 Question What will America be like now I New frontier colonize abroad I Go from idea of frontier being isolated to contiguous US landmass to frontier moving abroad 0 Venezuelan Crisis 0 Early US attempt to show its influence in global affairs 0 Border dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana I US cited the Monroe Doctrine for arbitration I Britain ignored the US gt US threatens use of force to uphold the M Doctrine I 1st time US issued a credible threat to enforce the M Doctrine I 1st time Monroe Doctrine taken seriously I US flexing muscle and extending its sphere of influence over the W Hemisphere Key Words 0 Knights of Labor 0 American Federation of Labor 0 Great Railroad Strike of 1877 o Haymarket Affair o Pullman Strike 1894 0 Alfred Thayer Mahan 0 Columbia Exposition 0 White City 0 Midway 0 Frederick Jackson Turner 0 Frontier Thesis 0 Venezuelan Crisis
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